Beginners Guide to CBD

Beginners Guide to Cannabidiol (CBD)

The CBD market may be new, but we already know a lot about this cannabinoid. Here's everything you need to know if you're a beginner in this industry.

Paul James Updated on October 14, 2021

CBD oil and products have been gaining tons of popularity recently as users are swearing by the benefits of CBD. Potential CBD benefits include reduced inflammation, lower anxiety, muscle pain relief, improved sleep cycles, and more! You might be asking “how does CBD work”?

How Does CBD Work?

Cannabidiol, also known as CBD, is one of the most active ingredients found in Hemp. But, it is not like THC (psychoactive) and does not make you high. Our body consists of an endocannabinoid system that has receptors spread throughout, even your brain.  CBD does not activate these receptors like THC meaning that does not cause psychotic effects on the brain.

What are CB1 and CB2 Receptors?

Cannabinoid receptors are responsible for many different processes in the body such as our appetite, memory, regulation of mood, and even the physical sensations that we feel. These receptors are most often activated by natural endocannabinoids that are produced in the body and also by the cannabinoids that are found in cannabis and hemp.

The two main types of Cannabinoid receptors are CB1 and CB2. CB1 is mostly found in our central nervous system, but little traces can also be found in the lungs, liver, and kidneys. CB2, on the other hand, is an essential part of our immune system.  CB1 produces and releases neurotransmitters when they are activated by cannabis leading to psychotic effects. CB1 receptors also help maintain the homeostasis of the body and also support the lipogenesis process in the liver. CB2 is involved in many different functions of the body such as apoptosis and also in immune suppression. It also modulates the pain that we suffer and plays an essential part in many neurodegenerative diseases.

How Does CBD Work

What are the effects of CBD and how it works?

CBD does not activate the CB1 and CB2 receptors at all (THC does). It activates the adenosine, vanilloid, and, serotonin receptors in the body. CBD activates the TRPV-1 receptor in the body that is responsible for regulating body temperature, the pain perception of a person, and also inflammation in the body (CBD mitigates your inflammation). CBD helps suppress the FAAH enzyme that is responsible for regulating the CB1 receptor in the body that helps in eliminating the psychoactive effects.

When the adenosine receptor is activated, the body’s inflammation decreases. The same receptor is also used to activate the dopamine and glutamate neurotransmitters that are important for the body. The dopamine receptor that CBS activates also helps improve motor control of the body, cognitive function, and also in motivation (which we all could use). Glutamate receptors help in better memory, cognition, and learning too.

According to many studies, CBD helps activate the 5-HT1A serotonin receptor that has anti-depressant effects on the body. CBD also eliminates the CPR55 signaling that helps in the cancer cell proliferation and also decreases the re-absorption of bone to a great extent.

Because the FDA prohibits websites for making medical claims regarding CBD, you can check out the National Library of Medicine to learn more about actual research is done on the effects of CBD. The above reasons show why CBD supports health.

Is CBD safe?

All newbies to CBD ask if it is safe. CBD is considered safe but there hasn’t been enough research to take into consideration what the long-term effects could entail. It has been legalized in the USA and many parts of the world but there haven’t been clinical trials so it’s not completely legal worldwide. Keep in mind, CBDnerds is not a medical site and would encourage you to consult with a physician regarding the use of CBD for medical purposes. According to Endoca’s guide which can be downloaded, CBD is non-toxic, doesn’t negatively affect gastrointestinal transit, doesn’t affect physiological parameters like blood pressure, heart rate, or body temperature. High doses up to 1,500mg for humans can be tolerable. We do highly recommend if you purchase CBD to make sure the company you buy from has transparent lab test results on their website as well as dosage instructions. We’ll give you general dosage instructions further down this guide.

Is CBD Legal?

Yes, CBD is legal almost worldwide (a controlled substance in Canada alone). As we’ve seen above, there is a lot of misinformation surrounding CBD, partially because its chemical properties are poorly understood and partially because of its close resemblance to THC. Marijuana is classified as a Class A drug (primarily for political reasons rather than dangerous ones). Regardless, even the lawmakers recognize that CBD poses no health threats and have legalized it. You can purchase CBD legally in all 50 states and have it shipped to your door.

What are the Effects of CBD

How Strong Should My CBD Be?

You’ll notice when browsing for CBD products like oils and edibles the pricing typically will vary based on how much CBD mg content that item has. The more CBD the product has, the more expensive it will be. But how much should you get and why? You’ll notice in our brand reviews that we make recommendations for lower CBD content (typically found in oils) if you are new since you may be able to realize the health benefits without the higher-cost products. If you have an ailment that is more serious or you are a veteran of CBD then you may want to dabble with stronger items such as extracts that are in paste form. You can search through our reviews to see which brands sell these products. Nearly all of the brands sell extracts in oil form. When purchasing the higher concentrated products, you typically pay less $/mg for the CBD so don’t be deterred by the higher prices, especially if you see yourself buying for the long term.

What Are The Best CBD Products?

The first thing you want to do when choosing the best CBD products is to first figure out how you want to consume the product. Do you like vaping, using pure CBD oils, or topical creams? Typically beginners like vape products or oils, especially since you can control dosage more efficiently. You’ll want to identify why exactly you’re taking the compound in the first place. Do you have a muscle injury? In this case, try the topical balms. Do you have anxiety? You may consider the oil extracts as they enter the bloodstream quickly.

Choosing The Right CBD Brands

There’s a huge influx of CBD brands because of the demand for CBD. High-quality CBD is not easy to come by since most companies look for margins over quality. This is why CBD Nerds exists, to help you find what brands and products are vouched for and would benefit your needs. You can check out CBD reviews on the top brands here at CBD Nerds. We don’t actually sell CBD here but can point you in the right direction. We are passionate about this industry and want to make it easy for you.

Where to Buy CBD

Here is what we recommend

  • Hemp pulls toxins from the ground so be sure that the brand is growing organically in low pollution environments.
  • Make sure the brand doesn’t use heat extraction methods. Heat destroys nutrients but it’s an inexpensive way to extract CBD so a lot of low-quality manufacturers use this method. If you aren’t sure if your desired brand does this, you can always just email and ask.
  • You’ll want to stay away from CBD isolates. Most promoted CBD comes from Isolates because it’s inexpensive to produce. These can be less effective and even harmful.
  • Always make sure the brand lab tests their products. Make sure their test results are posted. You’ll want to check and make sure there are no heavy metals or contaminants in the oil.
  • As consumers, we look to pay the best price for our products. With CBD you’ll get what you pay for. Do not buy the least expensive brands or products, there is a reason they are cheap! We get it, you don’t have all the money in the world. Check out our CBD brand reviews and see if there are any coupon codes to help save cash.

Are There Any Side Effects To CBD?

According to Elixinol, CBD has few side effects and is very safe to consume. Known side effects can include feeling drowsy, dry mouth, lightheadedness, and increased tremor in some Parkinson’s patients. Because it’s a non-psychoactive compound it won’t get you high negating the side effects of THC. The health benefits of CBD  being analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and has neuroprotective properties heavily outweigh any side effects.

There are also some potential side effects of CBD reviewed and published here. According to NCBI Cannabinoid can induce some side effects like inhibition of hepatic drug metabolism, alterations of cell viability, decreased fertilization capacity, and more. Studies show today that controlled CBD may be safe in humans and animals.

Paul James

Paul James is a seasoned cannabis and CBD writer and expert. He is a mental health blogger who advocates CBD as a natural alternative to prescription medications. You can read more about this and other natural alternatives on his blog:"