FEATURED CBD REVIEWS
Pure Spectrum offers a variety of broad-spectrum and CBD isolate products for you and your pet
NuLeaf Naturals provides one of the top quality CBD oils we've tried. They specifically sell full-spectrum CBD for people and pets.
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Regardless of whether you have used CBD for years or are just getting started, the space is evolving so fast that it can be difficult to know which companies offer the best product quality and value. CBDnerds is here to help. We are a CBD reviews site staffed by a team of CBD enthusiasts. We purchase products from major online brands, test them, and give you our take on the quality of their products. Our mission is not only to make the CBD research process simple and seamless for you but to help you decide which brands and products are the best fit for your health needs. In addition to providing you our first-hand experience with these brands through in-depth reviews, we also provide price comparisons and scavenge the internet to bring you the best CBD discounts for your favorite brands and products.
What separates us from other CBD reviews companies is our commitment to transparency. We actually purchase and personally test all the products we review. In doing so, we document how they made us feel and the therapeutic effects we enjoyed while using the product. You can be certain that the information that we are giving you not only comes from a rigorous audit of the brands but a first-hand account using their products. Ultimately, we hope to save you time and give you peace of mind whether you are purchasing CBD products for your pet, loved one, or yourself.
We believe that everyone should have access to high quality and trusted information regarding CBD. In addition to bringing you trusted CBD reviews for the most popular brands we also are committed to educating you about the benefits and drawbacks of CBD. As a consumer in this space, you may be constantly exposed to misinformation and overblown health claims that some companies make about their products. This is why we research and publish high-quality educational content to ensure that you are as informed as possible. Check out our collection of educational resources for more information regarding CBD dosage, legality, safety, research summaries, and science regarding the possible therapeutic benefits. We look forward to helping you use CBD to enhance your quality of life or those of loved ones and pets.
CBD For Pets: 2020 Guide, Benefits, and More!
It’s only natural for you to want the best for your pet’s health and wellbeing. This is why cannabidiol (CBD) is gaining so much popularity amongst pet owners. Beyond their overall physical and mental health, pets also face the problem of unexpected illnesses - most of which come with aging. Though various prescription medications are readily available, many of these can lead to serious side effects. CBD has the power to heal without the cost of any significant side effects. Pet owners who may have found themselves taking the cannabinoid are now seeing it’s magic work on their furry friends. What Are CBD Pet Products? CBD has an almost identical effect on animals as it does in humans as we both have an endocannabinoid system (ECS). When we intake CBD, it has an indirect effect on our ECS and, in turn, we experience therapeutic benefits. With that said, CBD pet products are very similar to human CBD products. There are usually only two major differences: Strength - Since pets generally have less body weight than humans, the strength of CBD they require is also less. Taste - Some pets might not be so prone to taking CBD oil or other edibles. For this reason, high-quality CBD companies have developed products that taste delicious to pets. Though these can vary, some common ones are bacon for dogs and tuna for cats. Granted, you can technically give a human CBD product to your pet. However, we don’t recommend this there’s more risk in overdosing your pet with CBD. Though this doesn’t hold any fatal consequences, too much CBD can make your pet ill. CBD For Dogs As mentioned, our pets hold an ECS which is why CBD has an effect on them. However, each animal’s ECS holds slight differences. Take dogs for example. Within their cerebellum, they have a higher concentration of cannabinoid receptors type 1 (CB1). This means dogs are more sensitive to cannabinoids that directly affect CB1 receptors, such as tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). CBD doesn’t directly interact with CB1 receptors which means it’s safe for dogs to consume. However, some CBD products should be avoided as they may contain high levels of THC. Even though THC may have medical benefits on animals, it’s generally better to avoid products containing a high concentration. It should be noted, only certain states (where marijuana is recreationally legal) will have CBD products that are high in THC. The majority of CBD products will contain 0.3% or less THC within them. Products with this percentage are labeled as full-spectrum which means they make use of all the cannabinoids found in the hemp plant. If you want to be extra safe about making sure your pup doesn’t consume any THC, your best bet is to purchase a broad-spectrum CBD product (THC is removed) or a CBD isolate (purely CBD and no other cannabinoid). We recommend full-spectrum to achieve the best results. If you're looking for a safe CBD brand that offers full-spectrum pet CBD products you'll want to consider Honest Paws. CBD For Cats Cats are similar to dogs in the sense that they have a higher sensitivity to THC. Currently, there is less information about CBD’s effects on cats in comparison to dogs. However, some cat owners have reported that it can help provide some relief for chronic kidney disease (CKD). If your cat has struggled with nausea, inflammation, or a lack of appetite, CBD also holds the potential to help. Potential Medical Benefits Currently, the Federal Food & Drug Administration (FDA) does not approve CBD for medical purposes in both humans and animals (with the exception of Epidiolex). With that said, there are no claims that CBD can provide you or your pet with any medical benefits. However, research confirms that there’s a lot of potential health benefits when pets take CBD. In a survey developed by the American Holistic Veterinary Medical Association (AHVMA), around 600 pet owners offered a response to how their pets were relieved from CBD’s effects. These included: Alleviation from skin conditions Worry alleviation Decreased inflammation Decreased muscle spasms Decreased seizures Help with digestive tract issues Minor inhibition from cancerous cell growth Nervous system support Joint relief Prevention from nausea and vomiting Sleep assistance Some studies have also been reported looking into specific diseases within pets. For example, one conducted by Cornell University’s College of Veterinary Medicine had found that CBD helped alleviate pain in dogs struggle with osteoarthritis. In turn, this helped give them better mobility. How to Choose the Right CBD Product With a quick Google search, you’re going to find there are a lot of CBD products out there geared towards pet care. These include, but aren’t limited to, CBD oils (tinctures), CBD sprays, CBD dog and cat treats, and CBD topicals. As a pet owner, it’s in your best interest to purchase only the highest quality products for your pet. With that said, a bit of research on each company can go a long way in assuring you find this quality. One way to know how reliable a company is is by seeing if they hold a certificate of analysis on their pet products. These are third-party laboratory test results that look into a number of aspects of the CBD, including its potency, its purity, its cannabinoid/terpene/flavonoids count, and whether or not it contains any contaminants, such as pesticides or heavy metals. If your pet is currently on medication, we highly recommend you consult a veterinarian before dosing them with CBD. Though it’s rare, CBD does have the potential to negatively interact with certain medications. However, in most scenarios, the medication will inhibit the CBD, not giving your pets the full effect. Not to mention, some ingredients in CBD products (especially, those designed for humans) may not be healthy for your pets. What to Look For When Shopping CBD For Pets When purchasing a pet CBD product, you’re going to want to keep an eye out for the following: Absorption When CBD is extracted, it’s placed into an oil in order to be easily absorbed. The best oil for this is olive oil as it’s generally healthier and contains no saturated fats. However, another common oil for CBD to be mixed with is coconut oil. Since this oil is saturated fat, it may cause diarrhea and/or high cholesterol levels in pets. Certificate of Analysis As we mentioned above, a company that is transparent about their certificate of analysis is giving you the opportunity to check out exactly what your pet is about to consume. If you need some guidance on how to read these lab reports, we invite you to check out our article, “How to Read CBD Lab Results.” Extraction from Hemp It’s important to make sure the CBD you’re purchasing is extracted from hemp and NOT marijuana. Though these plants are similar in appearance, their genetic makeup is extremely different. Marijuana plants have high amounts of THC while hemp plants have high amounts of CBD. Hemp is also legal on a federal level as long as each plant contains less than 0.3% THC. This ensures the products you’re purchasing will not get your pet high. However, in states where marijuana is legal, you may find CBD products extracted from this type of cannabis. Origin of the Hemp One unique aspect of the hemp plant is it’s extremely absorbent. This means it will accumulate all the elements from the soil it is grown in. This means, if the soil is contaminated, then the product will also hold that contamination. It’s important to assure the product you’re purchasing only uses organically grown hemp that contains no metal toxicities. It’s noteworthy to mention that some human products are dangerous for pets to consume. This is usually because these products contain additional ingredients that are safe in humans, but toxic in animals. Take xylitol as an example. It’s a sugar-free sweetener used in many human foods, but can be extremely dangerous for dogs to consume. It’s important to also mention that there is a big difference between hemp seed oil and CBD oil. Hemp seed oil does have some therapeutic benefits, such as providing your pet with a healthier coat and skin. However, there is no evidence to suggest that it offers any pain relief. Nor does it have anti-inflammatory properties. Our CBD Pet Product Recommendations A lot of companies have taken it under their belt to offer CBD pet products alongside their human products. For the sake of our recommendations, we’re going to take a deeper look at companies that keep their focus on pets. Not only are these companies reputable in terms of their product quality but their main efforts are to provide your furry friends with better well-being. Honest Paws (Our #1 Recommendation) The core mission of Honest Paws is to put pet health first and they carry this out with their 100% full-spectrum CBD oil. You can purchase their Purity Hemp Oil in three different strengths; 125mg (for animals up to 25lbs), 250mg (for animals between 25 and 50lbs), and 500mg (for animals 50lbs or more). People who’ve used Honest Paws products claim their tinctures have helped pets improve uneasiness, epilepsy, seizures, joint and muscle problems, and fighting pain and inflammation. LolaHemp LolaHemp is a unique pet CBD company that has devised a number of products specifically for your pet. They offer special doses for smaller animals and uniquely crafted doses for larger ones. All their products are organic and assured to be pesticide and herbicide-free. Heelr Heelr puts a focus on helping animals struggling with anxiety and physical issues, such as hip and joint pain. Their products are of some of the highest quality you can find and made completely from organic ingredients. They also make a strong effort to educate people on CBD and how it affects your pet. King Kanine King Kanine provides customers with all-natural and non-synthetic products - all of which are tested independently by a third-party lab. King Kanine sets their focus on pets through CBD oils, CBD edibles (such as their King Kalm Crunch), and CBD topicals (such as their Calming Balm). HolistaPet HolistaPet focuses on developing CBD oil for dogs and cats that includes 0% THC. Their products have helped pets fight inflammation, seizures, and other psychotic issues. We highly recommend their CBD pet treats as these are crafted to boost your pet’s immune system, improving on their overall health.
The 7 Best CBD Chewing Gum Products Of 
Have you been looking for a new, more discreet way to consume CBD? Then you might want to check out one of the biggest raves currently hitting the cannabidiol industry; CBD chewing gum. CBD gum is unique because unlike edibles, your body doesn’t digest the cannabidiol. Instead, CBD is absorbed into your bloodstream by membranes from both your mouth and throat. Throughout this article, we’re going to take a deeper look into CBD chewing gum and why you should give it a try. We’ll also list our top picks for the best CBD chewing gums currently on the market. Why Try CBD Chewing Gum? CBD chewing gum may not be as ideal a consumption method as a CBD oil or CBD gummies. However, for some, it may just be what they’re looking for. For one, chewing CBD gum is one of the quickest ways to receive the effects of CBD. This is because membranes within the mouth and throat directly send the cannabinoid into the bloodstream. Take this in comparison to an edible that must be processed through the liver before the effects kick in. That can take anywhere from 10 to 15 minutes. A CBD topical takes even longer as the chemical compounds must first break through the skin - most of which don’t. Besides inhalation methods (smoking or vaping), CBD chewing gums are probably the quickest way to receive the effects of CBD, which is ideal for people who experience anxiety or sudden pains. However, to take things a step further, CBD chewing gum may just be the most discreet way to consume CBD. If you are in a position where you don’t want people knowing you’re taking a cannabis product, no one will think twice about that piece of gum in your mouth. Not to mention, chewing CBD gum may have the potential to help: Promote tranquility Support a better night’s sleep Support joint and muscle function Support post-workout recovery Maintain a relaxed mood Promote healthier skin These are the main reasons to try CBD chewing gum. With that said, we at CBDNerds are always open to new and innovative ways to consume CBD. And we whole-heartily welcome this new consumption method. What to Look Out For When Buying CBD Chewing Gum Whenever an innovative product hits the CBD market, a good amount of companies tend to hop on board with the trend. CBD chewing gum is no exception. When such happens, there are a lot of positives that can come out of it. For example, one company may further innovate the new trend with different ingredients. However, there also could be negatives. In the case of CBD chewing gum, one of the biggest is products being loaded with sugars and other harmful substances that can damage your gut microbiome. For this reason, we strongly encourage you to check out the ingredients before purchasing any CBD chewing gum. But you don’t have to worry too much! We understand the headache extra research can bring and, for that reason, we’ve developed a list of our favorite CBD chewing gums. Each of these is diabetes-friendly and will have no long-term health consequences. Keep in mind, these CBD chewing gums are listed in no particular order. 1.) Endoca - Best Formula/Blend When it comes to which CBD gum has the best formula and blend of ingredients, we couldn’t think of a better fit than Endoca’s CBD chewing gum. Endoca is one of the most environmentally-friendly CBD companies currently on the market, developing all-natural, 100% organic products. In the case of their CBD chewing gum, it’s 100% biodegradable. Not to mention, it’s also providing jobs and developmental projects for villages around their manufacturing site. Each piece of chewing gum is packed with 15mg of CBD (which is about 5mg more than what we normally see when it comes to what we normally see). To take things further, each piece is also enriched with sunflower lecithin, a natural supporter of brain health. Price: $15.00 20% Coupon: CBDNERDS Endoca CBD Chewing Gum Pros: Biodegradable ingredients CBD concentration is higher than the average All-natural ingredients THC-free Certificate of analysis available Endoca CBD Chewing Gum Cons: There’s a 14-day limit on their return policy They only accept unopened products for returns 2.) CBD American Shaman If you’re looking for a standard CBD gum to just give a shot, then look no further than CBD American Shaman’s CBD gum. This is not only a perfect on-the-go, discreet way to consume CBD, it’s also a deliciously mint-flavored chewable that should help ease coffee breath or relax your first date jitters. CBD American Shaman’s CBD gum only comes with 7mg of CBD per piece which is lower than most of the products mentioned on this list. Still, this is a pretty good in-between strength and we can see it benefiting those who need a bit extra CBD throughout the day when their CBD oil has worn off. Average Price: $19.99 CBD American Shaman’s CBD Gum Pros: Delicious mint flavor All-natural ingredients Full-spectrum hemp extract Low dosage for newcomers Certificate of analysis available on the website CBD American Shaman’s CBD Gum Cons: Low dosage may not appeal to those who use CBD regularly Currently, no reviews on their website for this product 3.) Every Day Optimal Every Day Optimal has a unique formula when it comes to their CBD chewing gum. Their goal when developing this product was to allow for a slower release of CBD. Many have reported that a single piece of this CBD gum has lasted them an entire day. Each piece of this chewing gum is crafted with 10mg of CBD. Since it has a slower release time (and a fairly low dosage), it might be optimal for those who are still experimenting with their CBD dosage. Furthermore, Every Day Optimal has a 30-day satisfaction guarantee policy. So, if you find you’re not enjoying this product, you can get your money back, no questions asked. Average Price: $24.99 Every Day Optimal CBD Gum Pros: Delicious mint flavor Made with no artificial sweeteners and non-GMOs Lasts longer than most CBD chewing gums Gluten-free Certificate of analysis available Every Day Optimal CBD Gum Cons: The price is higher than most CBD chewing gums 4.) CBD Infusionz - Best Value If you’re looking to get the most bang for your buck, look no further than CBD Infusionz broad or full-spectrum CBD gum. Truly, what makes this the best valued CBD chewing gum is the fact that you get the most pieces of gum for the price you pay. However, what really makes CBD Infusionz ideal for those looking for CBD chewing gum is the fact that they give their customers so many options. You have the choice in strength, flavor, broad or full-spectrum, and even whether or not you want melatonin added to your gum. This customization not only gives more versatility to customers, but it also opens more doors when it comes to newcomers giving CBD gum a try. And, for that reason, we definitely recommend you check out CBD Infusionz’s list of chewing gums. Average Price: $29.99 (though, it will vary depending on your choices) CBD Infusionz CBD Chewing Gum Pros: Lots of options for customers when it comes to strength and flavor Offers both broad-spectrum and full-spectrum formulas Offers different options for CBD consumption at different times of day Delicious flavors Sugar-free Certificate of analysis available CBD Infusionz CBD Chewing Gum Cons: Contains artificial flavors and sweeteners 5.) Elevate - Best CBD Gum for Newcomers If you’re new to the CBD industry and have considered using cannabidiol as a therapeutic relief for a particular ailment, you most likely want to start with a low dosage. If you think a CBD chewing gum is your preferred consumption method, then you’re going to want to check out Elevate’s Hemp Extract Gum. Each piece only contains 5mg of full-spectrum hemp extract - the lowest on our list! This is the perfect amount for a newcomer as it isn’t overwhelming in strength, but will still provide you with some of the relief you’re looking for. Not to mention, being as these are full-spectrum formulas, you’ll still receive all the benefits of the rich cannabinoids and terpenes found in the hemp plant. Average Price: $14.49 to $24.99 Elevate’s Hemp Extract Gum Pros: Low dosage for newcomers Full-spectrum CBD Sugar-free Organic All-natural flavors and sweeteners Elevate’s Hemp Extract Gum Cons: Low dosage may not appeal to those who use CBD regularly Certificate of analysis is only available upon request 6.) MedCBDX - Best Antioxidant CBD Gum MedCBDX’s CBD infused chewing gum is more than just another way to consume cannabidiol. It’s a way to combine CBD’s antioxidant properties with that of magnesium and sunflower oil. In turn, this makes MedCBDX’s CBD infused chewing gum one of the best anti-inflammatories currently on the market. Not to mention, MedCBDX is a very environmentally friendly company. All their products use the industry-standard CO2 extraction method which is not only better for the environment but safer for our consumption. Average Price: $19.99 MedCBDX’s CBD Infused Chewing Gum Pros: Sugar-free Crafted with natural sweeteners All-organic Delicious mint flavor 30-day money-back guarantee MedCBDX’s CBD Infused Chewing Gum Cons: Free shipping is only available on purchases of $99 or more Certificate of analysis is only available upon request 7.) Hemp Foundry - Best Customer Service To start us off, we chose a CBD company that’s well-known for having great customer service and a CBD chewing gum product that has absolutely no THC in it. Hemp Foundry is truly ideal if you’re new to this industry or if you’ve been around for some time and have been trying to find a company you can come back to. When it comes to their CBD gum, each piece is packed with 10mg of CBD which is about average when it comes to CBD-infused chewing gum. Each piece is also full of mint-flavor. However, there are two important traits of Hemp Foundry that may make them an ideal choice for you. The first is their CBD chewing gum is 100% THC-free. This means you don’t have to risk any kind of psychoactivity nor failing a drug test. Secondly, they have a 90-day money-back guarantee policy - meaning, if you aren’t satisfied with this product, you can return it within 90 days. No questions asked. This is without a doubt one of the most liberal return policies we’ve seen and we tip our hats to Hemp Foundry for giving customers this option. Average Price: $19.95 Hemp Foundry’s Chewing Gum THC Free Pros: Full-spectrum CBD formula No artificial sweeteners Delicious mint flavor 90-day money-back guarantee Hemp Foundry’s Chewing Gum THC Free Cons: Certificate of analysis is only available upon request There you have it, our list of the best CBD chewing gums. This is one of the most unique and practical CBD consumption methods we’ve seen hit the market. Similar to CBD gummies, CBD chewing gum provides newcomers with a familiar way to consume CBD. However, even for those who’ve been around this industry for some time, CBD chewing gum can come with its perks. For example, if you take a CBD oil regularly, but find that its effects don’t quite last long enough, why not chew a piece of CBD gum to bring them back up? CBD chewing gum provides users with a discreet method to consume CBD along with one of the quickest ways to get it into your bloodstream. If you’re someone who struggles with anxiety, this may just be the option for you. Did any of these products interest you? If so, we encourage you to see if our website offers a coupon code for the company you’re interested in. Disclaimer: The above article does not endorse, support, or approve claims made by consumers that CBD is a medical substitute. These statements have not been evaluated by the FDA. All products mentioned in this article are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.
Is CBD Better With THC?
Cannabidiol (CBD) has been praised for its therapeutic abilities. Whether you’re struggling with anxiety, experiencing chronic pain, or are simply trying to ease inflammation, the amount of medical properties research has found within CBD is truly staggering. However, did you know, CBD actually works best when it’s consumed with other cannabinoids? Cannabinoids - scientifically referred to as phytocannabinoids - are groups of closely related compounds that come from the cannabis plant, including CBD and THC. Most cannabinoids have been found to have medicinal properties, many of which are similar to one another. For example, both CBD and THC have been found to ease chronic pain. Interestingly, they do so in different ways. THC binds itself to our CB1 receptors which, in turn, blocks pain receptors from entering the brain. Whereas CBD has a way of balancing out our endocannabinoid system which, in turn, eases pain receptors when there’s a large influx. ¹ As you can see, the combination of these two cannabinoids in and of themselves can do a whole lot for helping people with chronic pain. And this is only scratching the surface. Throughout this article, we’re going to take a deeper look into why CBD is better with a little THC. Misconceptions of THC Since CBD has found mainstream popularity, there’s been one major misconception when it comes to its relation with THC. It’s usually something along the lines of, “CBD is medicinal, THC is recreational.” Part of this issue comes from cannabis farmers themselves. As the medicinal marijuana revolution was overtaking America, more and more growers were developing plants high in THC and low in CBD. This explains why nobody had even known what CBD was till ten years ago. Project CBD, an organization founded in 2009, was well aware of this trend and believed it was discourteous towards medical cannabis patients. At that time, many were being told THC was the answer even though CBD had a long history of medicinal value. ² In fact, everyone was so set on THC that CBD was almost bred out of existence. The thing is, there are two sides of the coin to this problem. On one hand, you have marijuana activists who praise THC’s psychoactivity and are pushing for cannabis with higher amounts of it. On the other, you have governmental institutions still pushing prohibition on the public, claiming cannabis to be a dangerous substance. Both cases are only putting more spotlight on THC and completely ignoring all the other cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant. And, most importantly, both sides aren’t revealing how those cannabinoids can have superior medicinal value when combined. Why CBD is Better With THC Science has already shown that when people consume whole-plant (sometimes referred to as full-spectrum) cannabis preparations, there’s an “entourage effect” that enhances the medicinal values of cannabis. This is because of the complex relationship between various cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids. A few studies that shine a light on this phenomenon include: The California Pacific Medical Center in San Francisco found that the combination of THC and CBD creates more potent anti-tumor effects after being tested on brain cancer and breast cancer patients. These patients were also tested with single compounds (CBD or THC alone) and found that the combination had more inhibiting abilities. ³ In a 2010 study, researchers looked into how cannabis can inhibit pain in cancer patients. It was found that when THC and CBD were combined, it caused more pain relief than THC in and of itself. ? The Journal of Psychopharmacology found that CBD has the ability to inhibit THC-related paranoid symptoms and hippocampal-dependent memory impairment. ? The science is quite clear, CBD works better when it’s mixed with THC. However, we understand those looking to medicate with cannabis aren’t always looking to get stoned. And with that said, we believe there is a sweet spot for everyone. Trying CBD and THC: Trial and Error Plenty out there love the high that comes along with marijuana. And hearing news that CBD works better with THC may just be another reason to light up a joint and enjoy the psychoactivity. However, we understand that not everyone enjoys the marijuana high. Furthermore, we’re well aware that many of you out there may feel paranoid upon smoking cannabis and have even avoided using CBD products containing just traces of THC. Still, if you’re willing, we guarantee you can find the sweet spot when it comes to THC and CBD. All it’s going to take is a little experimentation. As we tell everyone with CBD products, start small and work your way up. And when we say small, we mean very small. Maybe as little as 1mg of THC a day. Though this may cause minor psychoactivity, the medicinal benefits over time can be enormous. In the words of Project CBD: “The successful use of cannabis as a medicine depends to a great extent on managing its psychoactive properties. The goal is to administer consistent, measurable doses of a CBD-rich cannabis remedy with as much THC as a person is comfortable with… Preclinical science lends credence to the notion that a small amount of THC can confer health benefits. Oral administration of a low dose of THC (1 mg/day) resulted in ‘significant inhibition of disease progression’ in an animal model of atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries), according to a 2005 report in Nature, which noted: ‘This effective dose is lower than the dose usually associated with psychotropic effects of THC.’” ? At the end of the day, the real question is whether or not you even have legal access to THC. Unfortunately, it isn’t available everywhere and we’re not suggesting you break the law simply to give cannabis’s medicinal properties a try. However, if you are lucky enough to live in a state that has legalized cannabis (or are able to obtain a legal medicinal cannabis card), we highly recommend you give THC and CBD a shot. Even if just for a short time. Reference Sources ¹ Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience: Cannabinoids in health and disease ² PubMed: Cannabidiol--antiepileptic drug comparisons and interactions in experimentally induced seizures in rats. ³ Project CBD: Cannabis and CBD For Cancer ? Iowa Medical Marijuana: Multicenter, Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Parallel-Group Study of the Efficacy, Safety, and Tolerability of THC:CBD Extract... ? Sage Journals: Journal of Psychopharmacology: Cannabidiol inhibits THC-elicited paranoid symptoms... ? PubMed: Low dose oral cannabinoid therapy reduces progression of atherosclerosis in mice.
How to Read CBD Lab Results
As you start exploring the cannabidiol (CBD) industry, you’re going to notice the term “Lab Results” be thrown around quite a bit. These are detailed analyses of third-party test results for CBD products and are vital to deciphering a reputable CBD company from the one you shouldn’t trust. To put it simply, lab results (sometimes referred to as Certificates of Analysis) inform you of what’s in and what isn’t in your hemp-extracted CBD. If you ever plan to purchase CBD, it’s important to understand how to read these results. This article will inform you of all the basics when it comes to lab testings and give you a comprehension of why they’re vital to this industry. The Importance of CBD Lab Results There’s no denying CBD has captured the eyes of mainstream media. More and more people are becoming interested in this natural medicine and, with that, more are giving it a try for themselves. However, most don’t realize the CBD industry is still very unregulated. Currently, the Federal Food and Drug Administration (FDA) only approves of one CBD pharmaceutical, known as Epidiolex. Every other product available on the market has not been approved nor regulated by the FDA. ¹ Still, due to the peek of interest, thousands of brands have flooded the market. Many of which don’t care for the consumer and are only in it to make a quick buck. In turn, this has also flooded the market with a number of poor-quality and sometimes dangerous products. The good news is companies leading this industry are keen to this fraud. And they’re taking it under their own wing to make sure you’re aware of what’s in your CBD. How Do Companies Rest the Quality Their CBD? Through lab reports, they offer you the knowledge of what’s inside your CBD. Everything from cannabinoid content to whether or not it contains any contaminants, such as heavy metals or pesticides. Still, even with these lab results at your disposal, it can be difficult to understand the text. That’s why we’ve developed the following guide to help you equip yourself with everything you need to know when reading CBD lab results. The Different Composition of CBD It’s fairly well-known that CBD comes from the cannabis Sativa plant known as hemp. However, what’s less discussed are the different compositions of CBD that can be extracted from hemp. ² Currently, there are two important differences you should be aware of: Full-Spectrum CBD - CBD that contains all the cannabinoids, terpenes, amino acids, carbohydrates, vitamins, fatty acids, and other compounds from the hemp-plant it was extracted from. Sometimes referred to as whole-plant CBD, whole-flower CBD, and CBD extract. CBD Isolate - By processing the CBD further, laboratories are able to produce a crystalline substance that’s the purest form of CBD (usually, around 95%+ pure). Products labeled CBD isolate will only contain CBD and other additives added later in the process. These products also tend to be 100% THC free. It’s important to note that no two hemp plants will grow the same. Therefore, their contents will slightly differ in terms of cannabinoids and terpenes. By learning to read lab results, you’ll be able to pick apart these slight differences. In turn, this can benefit you as you’ll be able to look for cannabinoids and terpenes that can cater to your needs. How to Read CBD Lab Results When a CBD company runs their product through a lab test, there are a number of different screenings that can be given. Admittedly, since CBD companies aren’t inclined to run through any of these screenings, they may pick and choose in accordance with their preferences. The following are the most common screenings you’ll find within a CBD lab result: Cannabinoid Profile A cannabinoid is a molecule derived from the cannabis plant. As of now, scientists have discovered over 100 cannabinoids. The two most famous are cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Still, all cannabinoids do have therapeutic properties in humans. A cannabinoid profile measures out how much of each cannabinoid can be found within the CBD product. In order to understand these various cannabinoids, it helps to do extra research on their therapeutic properties. From cannabinoid content levels, you’ll be able to find: Potency - how much concentration of each cannabinoid is within the product (often measured as a percent of weight or mg/mL). Non-Decarboxylated Raw Material - how much of a presence of acid forms to non-acid cannabinoid forms. Spectrum - how much of each cannabinoid is within a product. Referring back to the terms mentioned above, you can expect: Full-spectrum products to contain a variety of different cannabinoids with CBD being of the dominant cannabinoid. Broad-spectrum products to contain a variety of different cannabinoid, but withholding THC - the cannabinoid that causes psychoactivity. Isolate-based product - Containing only CBD and a bit of CBDV - the cannabinoid molecule CBD initially begins as. Some products may label themselves as full or broad-spectrum, yet, only contain CBD isolate. This is usually because the hemp extract was tested rather than what was put into the final product. Terpene Profile Terpenes are aromatic oils that are found in cannabis and come with their own set of therapeutic benefits. They can interact with certain cannabinoids and, in effect, produce further health benefits. For this reason, it also helps to do a bit of research on terpenes themselves. All full and broad-spectrum CBD products will contain a terpene profile, even if the lab results don’t list them. When CBD is isolated, it is removed from its terpene profile. However, you’ll sometimes run into CBD isolate products where terpenes were added in afterward. These products are sometimes referred to as “terpsolates”. Heavy Metal Screening Hemp has the ability to soak up whatever’s in the soil around it. ³ Due to this behavior, the plant’s extract may have dangerous heavy metal contamination. For this reason, lab results should report whether or not their CBD product contains heavy metals, such as arsenic, cadmium, mercury, and lead. Microbiology Screening Some companies test to make sure their CBD is free of microbes, such as yeast, molds, E-coli, and salmonella. Mycotoxin Screening Some companies test to make sure their CBD is free of toxic substances such as fungus. Pesticide Screening It’s important to make sure the hemp your CBD was extracted from was grown organically. An organic farm WILL NOT use pesticides as a means of yielding in more crops. Some companies test to make sure their CBD is free of pesticides and grown only through organic methods in clean soil. Solvent Residue Screening A common way to extract CBD is through various solvents. Unfortunately, these solvents sometimes leave behind a chemical residue which can be dangerous if consumed. Some companies test to make sure their CBD is free of this solvent residue. CBD has the potential to help a lot of people. It’s unfortunate the government hasn’t completely woken up to this and, in turn, leaves the industry completely unregulated. Still, we’re lucky enough to have entrepreneurs take the responsibility into their own hands. By using a third-party lab test (or certificate of analysis), we as the consumer are given the chance to know just what our CBD contains. If you’re new to this industry, it’s important to understand the value of this knowledge. By having a comprehension of what’s in the cannabidiol itself, we are given the right to decide which companies will continue to prosper. Reference Sources ¹ FDA: FDA Regulation of Cannabis and Cannabis-Derived Products, Including Cannabidiol (CBD) ² Harvard Medical School: Cannabidiol (CBD) - what we know and what we don’t ³ Springer 3 Biotech: Comparative assessment for hyperaccumulatory and phytoremediation capability of three wild weeds
6 Best CBD Bath Bombs For Relaxing
As the CBD industry continues to heat up, CBD bath bombs are quickly becoming a popular way to give your skin some cannabidiol refreshment while you relax and unwind. But what’s got everyone using CBD bath bombs so suddenly? The answer is more than just the legalization of hemp products from the 2018 Farm Bill. Today, we wanted to look at what CBD bath bombs have to offer as well as brands we recommend and trust if you decide to buy them to try for yourself. What’s a CBD Bath Bomb? Bath bombs are usually made with baking soil and a combination of essential oils. CBD bath bombs just include the infusion of CBD with the rest of their formula, packing a powerful and effective full-body punch that’s similar to that of a CBD topical treatment like a lotion or a balm. CBD bath bombs for relaxing are designed for more than just relaxation, too. Since CBD can act as an aid to soothe sore muscles, reduce inflammation, ease nausea, stimulate appetite, relieve pain, and much more, the bath bomb acts as a potent product for one of the most relaxing baths you’ve ever experienced. Benefits of CBD Bath Bombs There is a complex mixture of benefits happening as a result of a CBD bath bomb. Firstly, studies have long since suggested the benefits that a hot bath has on the skin and mind. In fact, repeated exposure to passive heat, like that of a bath, helped reduce inflammation from one study and burned the equivalent calories of a 30-minute walk while doing it. Likewise, other studies suggest positive effects on inflammation and pain alike in people with arthritis when CBD is topically applied to the body. The additional skin-soothing ingredients added into a CBD bath bomb only enhance its effects intensifies how long it will last, and improves the skin further. What Are The Best CBD Bath Bombs? Now, let’s look at our comprehensive list of CBD bath bombs, knowing ahead of time that not all of them are created equal. In fact, it took a lot of narrowing down on the correct bath bombs before we decided on these six. Let’s dive into our top recommendations when buying CBD bath bombs and which brands are the most reliable to choose from. 1) cbdMD Price: $9.99 CBD: 100mg 15% Coupon: CBDNERDS15 Offering a wide variety of bath bombs for different purposes, cbdMD’s bath bombs each contain 100mg of pharmaceutical-grade, full-spectrum cannabidiol consistently. Though each bath bomb contains different essential oils for various purposes, like lavender for relaxation, they all have the added benefit of being luxurious for the skin. This brand recommends setting aside a minimum of 30 minutes for your CBD bath if you pair it with cbdMD’s bath bombs. When researching where to buy CBD bath bombs you'll want to pay attention to the CBDmg. cbdMD Bath Bombs come with 100mg of CBD making them one of the strongest and most effective products we've tried. In addition to creating amazing CBD products, cbdMD makes the top of our list for having some of the best prices for CBD products as well as excellent customer service. You can reach out to them on their website via live chat to ask about CBD benefits or any of their products. You can also check out these cbdMD reviews to see what others say about their products and what else they offer. 2) Thoughtcloud Price: $8.99 CBD: 70mg 10% Coupon: CBDNERDS Containing 70mg of full-spectrum CBD in a variety of fun scents, Thoughtcloud offers an effective CBD bath bomb. You can choose an essential oil that feels right to you (all organic) between Eucalyptus, Lavender, Peppermint, or Sweet Orange. Made from non-GMO, raw hemp plants grown on select farms in Colorado, the brand lab tests every bath for purity. To imbue even more confidence, Thoughtcloud proudly offers fast and free shipping across the US, as well as a guarantee that the product is free of chemical fertilizers, pesticides, and herbicides. One of the reasons Thoughtcloud makes this list is that they offer full-spectrum CBD products that help you achieve the entourage effect. You can learn more about what's in their CBD bath bombs by checking out this Thoughtcloud review. These CBD bath bombs will do wonders for helping you relax. 3) Blue Ridge Hemp Price: $15 CBD: 60mg 20% Coupon: clarissamae The CBD used in the Blue Ride Hemp CBD bath bomb is extracted from industrial hemp, then further refined to achieve pharmaceutical purity with a clean energy processing technology. That’s just fancy for saying that they use a 99.7% pure CBD isolate, however. Combined with Pacific sea salt, baking soda, and a combination of essential oils, it’s an effective night time bath bomb after a hard day of work or stress. One thing to note about a CBD isolate product is that it may not carry the same properties as that of a full-spectrum CBD product, like most of the other bath bombs on our list. A full-spectrum product is not as guaranteed to be THC-free, but it also contains the 100+ other cannabinoids found in hemp plants that enhance and intensify the effects of both CBD and THC. While this doesn’t necessarily mean a CBD isolate product won’t be as effective, as is the case for the Blue Ridge Hemp bath bomb, unfortunately, most of the time CBD isolate products just don’t pack the same punch. 4) Kush Queen Price: $12.99 CBD: 25mg 20% Coupon: 20off Kush Queen offers a variety of different bath bombs for a range of purposes, including relaxation, energy, passion, mood, pain, rest, and even better health. Each of their bath bombs contains 25mg of pure CBD, 0mg of THC, and a unique combination of essential oils that enhances the benefits of the product further. Kush Queen is most known for its diverse line of CBD bath bombs. They offer bath bombs designed for sleep, energy, The Relax CBD Bath Bomb from Kush Queen provides maximum relaxation, stabilizing mood, relieving stress, and assisting in relief of anxiety and inflammation. Meanwhile, it also works to give your immune system the health boost it needs, making you feel like you’re a brand-new person by the time you’re out of the bath. 5) Discover CBD Price: $9 CBD: 40mg 10% Coupon: BioHacks The THC-free bath bombs from Discover CBD contain 40mg of CBD each, made with natural herbs to lift the spirit as well as the mind. Available in 3 scents, they’re all meant to provide a relaxing and rejuvenating experience at the same time. Lemon and Eucalyptus are perfect for calming the mood, peppermint is ideal for energy, and lavender is great for inducing sleep or ultimate relaxation on a long day. The Discover CBD Bath Bombs make our list of top places to buy bath bombs for creating good quality CBD products and amazing prices. They make the 5th spot, however, because these bath bombs only have 40mg of CBD which is a very low dosage for this method of ingesting CBD oil. 6) Just CBD Price: $21.99 CBD: 25mg 25% Coupon: Slyng25 Let fizz take control when you drop one of Just CBD’s bath bombs into the tub after a long, hard day to melt your worries away and relieve some stress. A bestselling bath bomb brand, Just CBD offers their bath bombs in 6 different scent varieties. For a THC-free experience that induces relaxation after a soak in the bath, each of the bath bombs is fragrant enough to leave a scent that lingers on you even after you’ve jumped out. Safe for even those with allergies or sensitive skin, Just CBD landed on our list easily by just using their quality 25mg hemp isolate product in every bath bomb. How Does CBD work? How to Use CBD Bath Bombs For Pain If you're someone who's new to CBD and want to try using CBD or cannabis bath bombs for pain it's actually really easy. All you do is fill your tub with hot water about 1/4 of the way then drop your bath bomb in there. You can watch it start bubbling and the water will change colors as the tub fills. You'll also notice a fizz or bubble effect take place. Once your tub is about 3/4 full you can jump in. Be careful not to stay in your tub for too long. Do CBD Bath Bombs Get You High? Because the CBD is derived from Hemp, you won't have to worry about getting high. CBD Bath bombs permeate your skin but because there's no THC in them then you can't get high. Even with a full-spectrum product, the amount of THC is too little to have any psychoactive effects.
CBD for Inflammation
Scientific Confidence Grade Effect Size Rating Editorial Note B + ** CBD seems to reduce inflammation and has beneficial effects on a long list of disorders with a significant inflammatory component. Nonetheless, more human studies are needed to confirm its efficacy across individuals. Multiple high-quality clinical trials lay the ground-work to reveal the potential of CBD in treating inflammatory conditions. The evidence suggests that CBD may play a key role in regulating inflammation in various populations. Can CBD Help With Inflammation? Cannabidiol (CBD) is widely recognized for its anti-inflammatory properties. Research shows that it has the potential to help with a lengthy list of conditions marked by chronic inflammation, ranging from autoimmune to neurodegenerative conditions. We’ve all experienced inflammation as part of our body’s healing process (e.g., after stubbing our toe, an accidental cut, or getting sick). Inflammation is a perfectly normal immune system response meant to help you recover. But when inflammation becomes chronic, it can have a detrimental effect and is a contributing factor to a wide range of medical conditions that can affect any part of the body. There are many medications used to reduce inflammation and help with specific inflammatory conditions, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). However, these drugs (e.g., aspirin, ibuprofen) are often limited in scope and come with side effects. That’s why people are increasingly turning to safer, natural alternatives. With that, many wonder if you can use cannabis and CBD for inflammation. CBD and other cannabinoids are arguably best known for their anti-inflammatory effects and have shown great potential in many diseases with a chronic inflammatory component. Here’s what the research says about using CBD for inflammation. Inflammation Overview Inflammation is your immune system’s natural response to injury, infections, and harmful substances. Inflammation is meant to help the body remove whatever may be causing harm and help repair the damage. When it operates as intended, the inflammatory response is activated in response to tissue damage by bacteria, toxins, heat, or trauma, and subsides within a couple of days. Unfortunately, when your body’s inflammatory response is not well regulated and becomes chronic, it can harm rather than protect you. This type of inflammation plays an important role in many serious health conditions. Inflammatory Disorders Chronic inflammation can affect virtually any part of the body, including the digestive tract, joints, skin, brain, and other organs. It plays a particularly notable role in autoimmune conditions such as multiple sclerosis and type 1 diabetes, which are characterized by the body’s immune system mistakenly attacking its own cells. Chronic inflammation is also involved in a wide variety of other conditions, including arthritis, allergies, stroke, respiratory conditions, inflammatory bowel disease, cardiovascular diseases, neurodegenerative conditions, and even cancer.  Low-grade chronic inflammation also plays a role in obesity and type 2 diabetes. Inflammation Symptoms & Pathology Signs of acute inflammation include swelling, pain, heat, redness, and loss of function in the affected area. Meanwhile, the most common symptoms of chronic inflammation are body, joint, and muscle pain, chronic fatigue, insomnia, depression, anxiety, gastrointestinal issues such as diarrhea and constipation, weight loss or weight gain, and frequent infections. Can CBD Help With Inflammation? CBD and other cannabinoids are perhaps best known for their anti-inflammatory effects. Most notably, research suggests that CBD can suppress certain immune system activities, many of which are related to inflammation. For example, CBD has been shown to lower the levels of pro-inflammatory molecules called cytokines by reducing the migration and activity of immune cells involved in releasing them. CBD’s anti-inflammatory properties have been explored in various animal and test-tube studies for multiple inflammatory conditions including arthritis, allergic contact dermatitis, type 1 diabetes, skin inflammation, neuroinflammation, asthma, and inflammatory bowel disease.        CBD, the Endocannabinoid System, and Inflammation Research suggests that most of CBD’s anti-inflammatory effects come from its interaction with the body’s endocannabinoid system (ECS). The ECS has three major components: Endocannabinoids produced by our bodies: anandamide and 2-AG. Special enzymes that build and break down endocannabinoids. Cannabinoid receptors (CB1 & CB2) that interact with both endocannabinoids and phytocannabinoids such as CBD and THC. Although studies have yet to confirm its role, this essential system may be involved in regulating the immune system and, by extension, the inflammatory response. However, there’s evidence that immune cells are not only influenced by but also make and release their own endocannabinoids. Furthermore, the CB2 receptor, which is abundant in immune system cells, seems to play a particularly key role in regulating inflammation. Multiple studies have shown that mice without this receptor suffer from increased inflammation. Additionally, an investigation in rats demonstrated that activation of CB2 receptors in immune cells suppressed the release of pro-inflammatory molecules. Other studies have also shown that CB2 activation can reduce pain and inflammation. Other parts of the ECS have also been studied and shown to have the capacity to influence inflammation. For instance, in a test-tube study, the endocannabinoid anandamide was revealed to be capable of inhibiting the activation of (NF)-κB, a major proinflammatory pathway. CBD can have an impact on these and other inflammation-regulating ECS activities by suppressing the enzyme that breaks down the endocannabinoid anandamide and by altering the function of the CB1 receptor.  Other Anti-Inflammatory Mechanisms of CBD Aside from its effects on the ECS, researchers have also discovered other ways that CBD can potentially lower inflammation. Here’s a look at the most prominent findings: CBD can interact with glycine, TRPV1, and other receptors involved in regulating inflammation CBD may be able to increase adenosine which can, in turn, activate adenosine receptors to reduce inflammation CBD may inhibit the (NF)-κB pro-inflammatory pathway CBD may stimulate the PPARγ receptor, which can reduce inflammation What Does the Research Say? Most of the evidence for CBD’s anti-inflammatory properties are limited to animal and petri dish research. However, the list of human studies is steadily growing. For starters, clinical trials suggest that CBD-rich cannabis preparations can help people with either type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD): ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease. In one 2019 pilot study, CBD-rich cannabis extract capsules improved subjective ratings of disease severity and quality of life in ulcerative colitis sufferers when compared to the placebo group. The results were nearing statistical significance but were limited due the small number of participants (n=39) that completed it.  Additionally, a highly scrutinized and yet-to-be-published study presented at the 2017 International Association of Cannabis Medicine found that CBD-rich cannabis oil (15% CBD and 4% THC) improved quality of life and disease severity in 50 Crohn’s disease patients. A follow-up publication in 2020 by the same researcher revealed that 65% of the people in their CBD group achieved disease remission, compared to only 35% for placebo. Studies of CBD in neurodegenerative conditions — which have a significant inflammatory component — have also reported positive findings. In one 2014 trial, CBD treatment improved quality of life ratings in Parkinson’s disease patients compared to those taking the placebo. Furthermore, a 2019 pilot study in people with severe dementia found that cannabis oil containing a 2:1 ratio of CBD to THC had a positive effect on behavior, daily care needs, and prescription medication use. Another area where CBD’s anti-inflammatory properties have shown promise is autoimmune disorders. In particular, studies of the drug Sativex, which contains equal amounts of THC and CBD, have reported positive effects in some individuals suffering from multiple sclerosis and rheumatoid arthritis.  All in all, while more research is needed, multiple human studies and reviews, including high-quality randomized controlled trials (RCTs), suggest that CBD products can have beneficial effects on inflammatory conditions. How Much CBD Should I Take for Inflammation? There’s no “right” dose of CBD for inflammation that will work for everyone. It can vary depending on many factors, such as your unique body chemistry, body weight, the specific inflammatory condition you’re dealing with, and its severity. CBD products also come in many different forms which can influence the optimal dosage for your needs. For this reason, it’s best to follow the “start low and go slow” approach. You can begin with a small dose of CBD (10-15 mg) and wait for a few hours to see if you notice any effects. If the dose is too small, you can slowly raise it in small increments of 5 to 10mg. Be sure to wait and see if a dose affects you before increasing it again until you find the amount that provides the anti-inflammatory effect you’re looking for. Are There Any Side Effects? Research indicates that CBD is a very safe substance. General safety studies of CBD have only reported mild-to-moderate side effects such as sleepiness, tiredness, diarrhea, dry mouth, low blood pressure, dizziness, and changes in appetite or weight. Even a study using dosages as high as 6000 mg did not report any serious complications in healthy individuals. Some of these issues, notably sleepiness and fatigue, were also noted by a study of CBD in people with inflammatory bowel disease. Besides, most studies of CBD use high dosages, so the likelihood of side effects is fairly low for the average CBD user. This is especially true when using full-spectrum CBD preparations, which have been reported to have a lower risk of side effects than pure CBD. Conclusion Like most cannabinoids, CBD may possess potent anti-inflammatory properties that could potentially be helpful for inflammatory conditions. While more high-quality research needs to be done, there’s already solid evidence that merits further research to confirm how CBD may reduce inflammation and potentially help treat a wide variety of conditions marked by chronic inflammation including autoimmune, digestive, and neurodegenerative disorders. On top of that, there continues to be more animal and test-tube studies that are revealing CBD’s potential to help with other types of inflammation and inflammatory disorders, such as asthma, skin conditions, and arthritis. If you want to try CBD for inflammation, it may take some trial and error to find the right dosage. Having said that, CBD is a perfectly safe, natural compound with only minor side effects. Better yet, it may work to reduce inflammation in many different ways, whereas prescription anti-inflammatory drugs typically work through a single mechanism. References  Hannoodee, Sally, and Dian N. Nasuruddin. "Acute Inflammatory Response." StatPearls [Internet]. StatPearls Publishing, 2020.  Wang, Lifeng, Fu?Sheng Wang, and M. Eric Gershwin. "Human autoimmune diseases: a comprehensive update." Journal of internal medicine 278.4 (2015): 369-395.  Furman, David, et al. "Chronic inflammation in the etiology of disease across the life span." Nature medicine 25.12 (2019): 1822-1832.  Monteiro, Rosário, and Isabel Azevedo. "Chronic inflammation in obesity and the metabolic syndrome." Mediators of inflammation 2010 (2010).  Pahwa, Roma, and Ishwarlal Jialal. "Chronic inflammation." (2019).  Booz, George W. "Cannabidiol as an emergent therapeutic strategy for lessening the impact of inflammation on oxidative stress." Free Radical Biology and Medicine 51.5 (2011): 1054-1061.  Malfait, A. M., et al. "The nonpsychoactive cannabis constituent cannabidiol is an oral anti-arthritic therapeutic in murine collagen-induced arthritis." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 97.17 (2000): 9561-9566.  Hammell, D. C., et al. "Transdermal cannabidiol reduces inflammation and pain?related behaviours in a rat model of arthritis." European Journal of Pain 20.6 (2016): 936-948.  Petrosino, Stefania, et al. "Anti-inflammatory properties of cannabidiol, a nonpsychotropic cannabinoid, in experimental allergic contact dermatitis." Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 365.3 (2018): 652-663.  Esposito, Giuseppe, et al. "Cannabidiol in inflammatory bowel diseases: a brief overview." Phytotherapy Research 27.5 (2013): 633-636.  Weiss, L., et al. "Cannabidiol lowers incidence of diabetes in non-obese diabetic mice." Autoimmunity 39.2 (2006): 143-151.  Jastrz?b, Anna, Agnieszka G?gotek, and El?bieta Skrzydlewska. "Cannabidiol regulates the expression of keratinocyte proteins involved in the inflammation process through transcriptional regulation." Cells 8.8 (2019): 827.  Vuolo, Francieli, et al. "Cannabidiol reduces airway inflammation and fibrosis in experimental allergic asthma." European Journal of Pharmacology 843 (2019): 251-259.  dos?Santos?Pereira, Mauricio, et al. "Cannabidiol prevents LPS?induced microglial inflammation by inhibiting ROS/NF?κB?dependent signaling and glucose consumption." Glia 68.3 (2020): 561-573.  Pandey, Rupal, et al. "Endocannabinoids and immune regulation." Pharmacological research 60.2 (2009): 85-92.  Barrie, Nicola, and Nicholas Manolios. "The endocannabinoid system in pain and inflammation: Its relevance to rheumatic disease." European Journal of Rheumatology 4.3 (2017): 210.  Turcotte, Caroline, et al. "The CB 2 receptor and its role as a regulator of inflammation." Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences 73.23 (2016): 4449-4470.  Ibrahim, Mohab M., et al. "Activation of CB2 cannabinoid receptors by AM1241 inhibits experimental neuropathic pain: pain inhibition by receptors not present in the CNS." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 100.18 (2003): 10529-10533.  Kinsey, Steven G., et al. "The CB2 cannabinoid receptor-selective agonist O-3223 reduces pain and inflammation without apparent cannabinoid behavioral effects." Neuropharmacology 60.2-3 (2011): 244-251.  Sancho, Roc??o, et al. "Anandamide inhibits nuclear factor-κB activation through a cannabinoid receptor-independent pathway." Molecular pharmacology 63.2 (2003): 429-438.  Leweke, F. M., et al. "Cannabidiol enhances anandamide signaling and alleviates psychotic symptoms of schizophrenia." Translational psychiatry 2.3 (2012): e94-e94.  Chung, Hery, Angélica Fierro, and C. David Pessoa-Mahana. "Cannabidiol binding and negative allosteric modulation at the cannabinoid type 1 receptor in the presence of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol: An In Silico study” PLoS ONE (2019)  Xiong, Wei, et al. "Cannabinoids suppress inflammatory and neuropathic pain by targeting α3 glycine receptors." Journal of Experimental Medicine 209.6 (2012): 1121-1134.  Costa, Barbara, et al. "Vanilloid TRPV1 receptor mediates the antihyperalgesic effect of the nonpsychoactive cannabinoid, cannabidiol, in a rat model of acute inflammation." British journal of pharmacology 143.2 (2004): 247-250.  Liou, Gregory I., et al. "Mediation of cannabidiol anti-inflammation in the retina by equilibrative nucleoside transporter and A2A adenosine receptor." Investigative ophthalmology & visual science 49.12 (2008): 5526-5531.  Kozela, Ewa, et al. "Cannabinoids Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol differentially inhibit the lipopolysaccharide-activated NF-κB and interferon-β/STAT proinflammatory pathways in BV-2 microglial cells." Journal of biological chemistry 285.3 (2010): 1616-1626.  Esposito, Giuseppe, et al. "Cannabidiol reduces Aβ-induced neuroinflammation and promotes hippocampal neurogenesis through PPARγ involvement." PloS one 6.12 (2011): e28668.  Irving, Peter M., et al. "A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, pilot study of cannabidiol-rich botanical extract in the symptomatic treatment of ulcerative colitis." Inflammatory bowel diseases 24.4 (2018): 714-724.  Kafil, Tahir S., et al. "Cannabis for the treatment of Crohn's disease." Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 11 (2018).  Naftali, Timna. "An overview of cannabis based treatment in Crohn’s disease." Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology 14.4 (2020): 253-257.  Chagas, Marcos Hortes N., et al. "Effects of cannabidiol in the treatment of patients with Parkinson’s disease: an exploratory double-blind trial." Journal of Psychopharmacology 28.11 (2014): 1088-1098.  Broers, Barbara, et al. "Prescription of a THC/CBD-based medication to patients with dementia: a pilot study in Geneva." Medical Cannabis and Cannabinoids 2.1 (2019): 56-59.  Perras, C. "Sativex for the management of multiple sclerosis symptoms." Issues in emerging health technologies 72 (2005): 1-4.  Blake, David R., et al. "Preliminary assessment of the efficacy, tolerability and safety of a cannabis-based medicine (Sativex) in the treatment of pain caused by rheumatoid arthritis." Rheumatology 45.1 (2006): 50-52.  Huestis, Marilyn A., et al. "Cannabidiol adverse effects and toxicity." Current neuropharmacology 17.10 (2019): 974-989.  Taylor, Lesley, et al. "A phase I, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, single ascending dose, multiple dose, and food effect trial of the safety, tolerability and pharmacokinetics of highly purified cannabidiol in healthy subjects." CNS drugs 32.11 (2018): 1053-1067.  Pamplona, Fabricio A., Lorenzo Rolim da Silva, and Ana Carolina Coan. "Potential clinical benefits of CBD-rich cannabis extracts over purified CBD in treatment-resistant epilepsy: observational data meta-analysis." Frontiers in neurology 9 (2018): 759.
Best CBD Edibles
Best CBD Edibles | CBDNerds.com 2020 Within the CBD market, edibles have attracted a lot of attention and have grown a loyal following of customers. They are easy to consume, provide a familiar feel for newcomers, and are effective at delivering cannabidiol to our bodies. But with so many of these products on the market, it can be hard to determine what the best CBD edibles are. From gummies to honey sticks to chocolate bars, there is something for every taste when it comes to CBD edibles. Furthermore, new edibles are constantly being developed and released to continually provide you with new flavorful CBD experiences. In order to decide on the best CBD edibles, we chose companies that offer either high-quality products or a wide selection of edibles. If you are interested in any of these delicious treats, we also offer coupon codes for each company to help you save on your orders! Top Ranking CBD Edibles 1.) Diamond CBD Rating 5/ 5 Extract Type: Full-spectrum Total CBD Range: 75mg - 1,000mg Potency Range: 12.5mg Price Range: $9.99 - $300.00 Value ($/mg): $0.11 - $0.30 per mg THC Content: <0.3% Lab Report: See Here Edible Variations: 106 Potency Variations: 5 Diamond CBD Pros: Offer CBD edibles from an assortment of brands Largest variety of edibles on our list Diamond CBD Cons: Large collection of CBD edibles could be overwhelming for newcomers If you’re looking for a company that offers enough CBD edibles for you to continuously come back to, look no further than Diamond CBD. Do not just take our word for it, take one look at their 15-page edibles selection and see for yourself. One advantage Diamond CBD has over other companies is its partnership with several CBD brands, including Yum Yum Goodies and Chong’s Choice. This allows them to sell and distribute an assortment of CBD edibles, from gummies to honey sticks to caramel apples. Each edible is offered in a variety of flavors, so there is bound to be something here for all tastes and all users. The only downside to Diamond CBD is that their products can be expensive. Moreover, due to their large assortment, it can be difficult to find the right potency for you. As a final note, keep in mind that the table of facts presented here is only reflective of the CBD edibles offered by Diamond CBD themselves. 2.) Lord Jones Rating 5/ 5 Extract Type: Broad-spectrum Total CBD Range: 100mg - 180mg Potency Range: 20mg per edible Price Range: $30.00 - $60.00 Value ($/mg): $0.30 - $0.33 per mg THC Content: 0.0% Lab Report: See Here Edible Variations: 6 Potency Variations: 1 Lord Jones Pros: Their CBD edibles can be purchased in a bundle-pack with other products Some of the highest-quality products on our list Free shipping on all orders Lord Jones Cons: Most expensive company on our list Seeing as Lord Jones can be an expensive brand, it is no surprise that they have built a reputation for developing some of the most luxurious CBD products currently on the market. Their collection of CBD gumdrops is no exception to that. Each purchase comes neatly wrapped in a box of 9 gumdrops - each containing 20mg of broad-spectrum CBD. These gumdrops can be purchased in a few different flavors, including a standard taste, Prickly Pear, Grapefruit, Blood Orange (limited edition), Sigurberry (limited edition). In addition to these edibles, Lord Jones also offers a box of 5 CBD dark chocolate espresso chews. While the name may lead you to assume these could be ideal for waking up in the morning, many reviews on Lord Jones’ website instead indicate that they’re perfect for relaxing at the end of the day. Each chew comes with 20mg of broad-spectrum hemp extract. 3.) Fab CBD Rating 4/ 5 Extract Type: Isolate Total CBD Range: 750mg Potency Range: 25mg per gummy Price Range: $59.00 Value ($/mg): $0.07 per mg THC Content: 0.0% Lab Report: See Here Edible Variations: 1 Potency Variations: 1 Fab CBD Pros: CBD gummies are vegan, gluten-free, and made with all-natural ingredients Known for their high-quality CBD products and good value Fab CBD Cons: Only offer CBD gummies While Fab CBD might not have the biggest selection of CBD for oral consumption, their gummies are of such prime quality that it’s hard to leave them out of a conversation about the best CBD edibles. Each gummy is made with all-natural ingredients (including the fruit flavoring) and is vegan-friendly and gluten-free. Fab CBD’s blend contains a CBD isolate extract meaning that these gummies have absolutely no THC in them. This is ideal for users who may have to take a drug test or may simply prefer to avoid THC altogether for other reasons. Each gummy contains 25mg of CBD isolate which should produce deeply relaxing effects. Some have reported using these gummies for muscle relief after a hard workout, whereas others have found them beneficial for getting a better night’s sleep. Whatever your reason may be for buying Fab CBD’s edibles, you will find them to be some of the most affordable products currently on the market – providing excellent value for your money! 4.) Hemp Bombs Rating 4/ 5 Extract Type: Broad-spectrum Total CBD Range: 75mg - 3,000mg Potency Range: 15mg - 75mg per edible Price Range: $14.99 - $169.99 Value ($/mg): $0.05 - $0.19 per mg THC Content: 0.0% Lab Report: See Here Edible Variations: 5 Potency Variations: 5 Hemp Bombs Pros: Offer a variety of edibles, including gummies, capsules, shots, syrups, and lollipops Excluding the shots and lollipops, all of Hemp Bombs’ edibles can be purchased in different potencies CBD gummies and CBD capsules can be purchased in different sizes Hemp Bombs Cons: Price per milligram can vary depending on which edible you purchase (for example, buying gummies is a better deal than purchasing CBD lollipops) Hemp Bombs do not shy away from experimenting with different CBD-infused edibles. While they do offer your standard gummies and capsules, they have also developed and currently sell three products that are considered unique within the industry. The first is their CBD shot, known as the “Max Chill CBD Shot.” Each $14.99 purchase comes with 75mg of CBD and is designed for on-the-go relief. The second is a concentrated CBD syrup that is available in two different potencies: 300mg or 1,000mg total. The CBD syrup with its fruit punch flavor, is the perfect mixer for any kind of beverage. Finally, Hemp Bombs also offer CBD lollipops. Each lollipop contains 25mg of CBD and sold in a four-pack containing the following flavors: cherry, green apple, pink lemonade, and watermelon. If these unparalleled edibles do not spark your interest, you can always opt for Hemp Bombs’ selection of gummies and capsules. These products are available in normal-strength and high-strength potencies and can be purchased in a variety of sizes (from a 30-count to 100-count). 5.) Green Roads Rating 4/ 5 Extract Type: Broad-spectrum and Isolate Total CBD Range: 25mg - 750mg Potency Range: 10mg - 50mg per edible Price Range: $3.25 - $49.99 Value ($/mg): $0.06 - $0.13 per mg THC Content: 0.0% Lab Report: See Here Edible Variations: 11 Potency Variations: 4 Green Roads Pros: Offer a wide variety of edibles - including on-the-go CBD products Free 2-day shipping for orders of $50 or more Green Roads Cons: Small size variations (only goes up to 30-count on select edibles) Green Roads have made a name for themselves through their edible selection. Particularly, for their CBD gummy selection which comes in a variety of shapes like gummy bears, froggies, and bites. Each of these gummies can be purchased in an assortment of potency ranges, from 10mg to 50mg per gummy. Additionally, Green Roads now offers nighttime gummies made with melatonin to promote a better night’s rest. Another popular product line by Green Roads is their selection of CBD capsules. These include their standard soft gel, a relax capsule infused with GABA and 5-HTP, and their sleep capsules made with melatonin. All three options are made using a CBD isolate blend with 25mg per capsule (750mg total). Green Roads have also developed some unique CBD edibles like their CBD chocolate bar. Made with 180mg of CBD isolate and all-vegan ingredients, this little treat is perfect for those looking for a mild CBD experience. Finally, it is worth mentioning that Green Roads also offers a CBD coffee which is ideal for those looking for a morning pick-me-up. 6.) cbdMD Rating 4/ 5 Extract Type: Broad-spectrum Total CBD Range: 300mg - 3,000mg Potency Range: 10mg - 50mg per edible Price Range: $29.99 - $149.99 Value ($/mg): $0.05 - $0.10 per mg THC Content: 0.0% Lab Report: See Here Edible Variations: 5 Potency Variations: 6 cbdMD Pros: All gummies are vegan-friendly Offer a CBD gummy with a vitamin C blend cbdMD is a member of the U.S. Hemp Roundtable cbdMD Cons: Only offer CBD gummies and CBD capsules/soft gels While cbdMD may not offer the largest edible variety, they have some of the top-quality CBD products currently on the market. Their first kind of edibles on offer is their CBD gummy line. These vegan treats contain 10mg to 50mg per gummy (300mg - 1,500mg total) of broad-spectrum hemp extract. Additionally, cbdMD offer a gummy formulated with both 25mg of CBD and a dose of vitamin C which has been reported to help protect cells and can help boost our immune system Beyond gummies, cbdMD also offers a selection of both capsules and soft gels. These can be purchased in 30-count or 60-count bottles and come in potencies ranging from 15mg to 50mg. Furthermore, they also offer a “PM” capsule that has a dose of melatonin to promote better sleep. 7.) Just CBD Rating 4/ 5 Extract Type: Isolate Total CBD Range: 250mg - 3,000mg Potency Range: 8mg - 25mg per edible Price Range: $12.99 - $150.00 Value ($/mg): $0.03 - $0.15 per mg THC Content: 0.0% Lab Report: See Here Edible Variations: 19 (not including flavors) Potency Variations: 5 Just CBD Pros: Large selection of edible varieties CBD gummies come in a variety of flavors CBD capsules come in different formulas made for different uses Just CBD Cons: CBD potency in gummies is not clear Just CBD offers what may be the most diverse selection of CBD edibles on our list. While they sell your standard CBD capsules and gummies, they also offer CBD honey sticks and CBD cocoa quinoa bites. In addition to the wide variety of flavors their CBD gummies come in, Just CBD’s selection of capsules is also very interesting. Each capsule is made with several all-natural ingredients to promote therapeutic benefits for certain health conditions. For example, their energy formula has a multitude of vitamins to help you wake up in the morning. If you’re looking for a unique CBD edible you will not find anywhere else, we definitely suggest giving Just CBD’s cocoa quinoa bites a try. Each of these is made using a total of 250mg of CBD along with delicious bittersweet chocolate. Finally, Just CBD also offers a selection of vegan-friendly edibles for you to choose from. 8.) Blue Ridge Hemp Rating 3.5/ 5 Extract Type: Isolate Total CBD Range: 60mg - 250mg Potency Range: 15mg - 60mg per serving Price Range: $15.00 - $40.00 Value ($/mg): $0.16 - $0.25 per mg THC Content: 0.0% Lab Report: None Edible Variations: 6 Potency Variations: 3 Blue Ridge Hemp Pros: Offer some of the most interesting CBD edibles and often have limited-time releases All edibles are vegan Use an isolate extract to guarantee the absence of THC Blue Ridge Hemp Cons: More expensive compared to competitors on a per milligram (mg) basis No certificates of analysis available Marketing them as CBD superfoods, Blue Ridge Hemp offers one of the most unique selections of CBD edibles on the market. They offer a range of coconut oils along with their “CBD Alchemy Adaptogenic Mushroom Chocolate Bar” and the limited edition “Half Baked Strawberry Hemp Heart Pretzel Bars.” Blue Ridge Hemp’s coconut oils are their mainstay and come in a variety of flavors, including Pumpkin Spice, Dark Chocolate, Golden Spice, and Standard. While coconut oils are traditionally used for topical treatments, they can be beneficial through oral consumption as well. Furthermore, the reason Blue Ridge Hemp really shines on our list is for their specialty edibles. The company takes it upon themselves to innovate and develop new delicious goodies, all of with a familiar homemade feel to them. They also offer a CBD Alchemy Apaptogenic Mushroom Chocolate Bar which is vegan and gluten-free. For the month of October, they are also currently offering a CBD Pretzel Bar. We suggest you keep up with Blue Ridge Hemp to stay up to date on their latest goodies! The only downside to these products is the fact that Blue Ridge Hemp does not offer any certificates of analysis (CoA) for their edibles. However, their CBD flower (which can be purchased separately) has CoAs on their individual product pages. 9.) R+R Medicinals Rating 3.5/ 5 Extract Type: Full-spectrum Total CBD Range: 510mg - 1,020mg Potency Range: 15mg - 30mg per edible Price Range: $25.99 - $45.99 Value ($/mg): $0.04 - $0.05 per mg THC Content: <0.3% Lab Report: See Here Edible Variations: 2 Potency Variations: 3 R+R Medicinals Pros: Use all-natural ingredients Many positive reviews on R+R Medicinals website Offer a monthly subscription service to help you save R+R Medicinals Cons: Only offer gummies and soft gels If you are in the market for a CBD edible rich in terpenes, flavonoids, antioxidants, and phytonutrients, look no further than R+R Medicinals. They offer a CBD gummy and a CBD soft gel variety - each made with a full-spectrum hemp extract. This type of extract is ideal for those looking to experience an entourage effect from consuming their CBD products. The CBD gummies are each made with 25mg of CBD and come in a 30-count bottle that gives you roughly a 30-day supply of CBD. According to reviews on R+R Medicinals website, these gummies have helped promote relaxation and were also great at pain relief. The other edible R+R that Medicinals offer is a CBD soft gel sold in two potencies - 15mg or 30mg per soft gel. These supplements are made using MCT coconut oil which allows for a higher absorption rate and comes packaged in a 34-count bottle of soft gels. Another thing we like about R+R Medicinals is their price point as they offer some of the least expensive CBD edibles on our list. In addition to that, you can also opt into a monthly subscription service to help you save further on each purchase. 10.) Verma Farms Rating 3.5/ 5 Extract Type: Broad-spectrum Total CBD Range: 250mg - 500mg Potency Range: 10mg - 21mg per edible Price Range: $44.99 - $59.99 Value ($/mg): $0.11 - $0.17 per mg THC Content: 0.0% Lab Report: Must email to receive Edible Variations: 13 Potency Variations: 2 Verma Farms Pros: All edibles come in tropical flavors Only company on our list that offers CBD Dried Fruit Verma Farms Cons: No certificates of analysis on website Verma Farms currently offers two types of edibles - CBD gummies and CBD dried fruit. Both types are made using a tropical flavor that perfectly fits the company’s location in Hawaii. For their CBD gummies, Verma Farms currently offers Peachy Pau, Maui Melon, Blueberry Wave, Beary Beach, Hawaiian Rainbow, Wahoo Worm, Island Apple, Tropical Cherry, Rainbow Worm, and Sugar-Free. Their gummies typically come in a 20-count package and contain 250mg total CBD (about 12.5mg per gummy), with a select few flavors coming in a 500mg total CBD package (giving you 25mg per gummy). Verma Farms also offers CBD-infused dried fruit, these can be purchased in Maui Mango, Rainbow Papaya, and Pineapple Party flavors. Each piece of their dried fruit contains about 12.5mg of broad-spectrum CBD per piece (250mg total). The biggest downside we found to Verma Farms is that they are not as transparent with their certificates of analysis as other companies - you must email them to receive this information. However, since their customer service tends to be exceptional, we believe you would be able to get access to the lab test result if you email and ask for it. What Are CBD Edibles? Cannabidiol (CBD) edibles are food or beverage products that are infused with CBD extracted from the hemp plant. These products are developed as an alternative method for consuming CBD that does not involve smoking, vaping, or the use of tinctures. CBD is added to these products as one of the following CBD extract types: Full-Spectrum - Contains all the cannabinoids found within the cannabis plant. Broad-Spectrum - Contains all the cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant except for tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). CBD Isolate - Purely CBD and no other cannabinoid. There are many different CBD edibles products currently on the market, the most common types are CBD gummies and CBD capsules. Even though tinctures can also be considered edibles, we didn’t include them on this list as we already have an article discussing the best CBD oils. How Are CBD Edibles Made? Making CBD edibles is quite simple. Companies must first extract the cannabinoid out of a high-CBD plant and then include it in preparing various edible items. The types of foods and beverages that CBD is combined with can widely vary depending on the company. In all cases, however, reputable brands will seek to only include all-natural ingredients and make sure their products are safe for those with food restrictions or allergies. Are CBD Edibles Legal? Yes! Under the 2018 Farm Bill, CBD and hemp were federally legalized with a few restrictions. The most notable being that for a cannabis plant to be defined as hemp, it must contain less than 0.3% THC. If you are concerned that CBD edibles will get you high, it’s important to understand that <0.3% is such a low amount that it’s unlikely to cause psychoactive effects. Only in rare cases, have some people felt mild psychoactive effects typically associated with THC. It’s important to note that if you live in a state where cannabis is recreationally legalized, you may run into CBD edibles that have a higher concentration of THC. Therefore, when buying CBD products in these locations, it helps to verify the contents of your CBD edible before each purchase. What Do CBD Edibles Do? While CBD affects everyone differently, it is likely to make your body and brain feel relaxed. When we consume CBD, it has an effect on our endocannabinoid system (ECS). Though researchers still are not 100% certain of how this works, it is hypothesized that CBD helps keep our ECS in a state of homeostasis and optimal physiological conditions. Due to CBD’s effect on our ECS, there are several potential therapeutic benefits to consuming CBD edibles. These may include: Alleviates anxiety and depression Alleviates nausea and vomiting Inhibits cancer cell growth Pain relief (including chronic pain) Promotes bone growth Promotes better and more restful sleep Reduces seizures and convulsions Reduces blood sugar levels Reduces risk of artery blockage Reduces small intestine contractions Slows bacterial growth Suppresses muscle spasms One aspect of CBD edibles that differs from other consumption methods is that cannabidiol processes through the digestive tract. Therefore, the effects usually take longer to be noticed (anywhere between 30 to 60 minutes). However, the effects typically last for a much longer period of time (anywhere between 8 to 12 hours). How to Use CBD Edibles CBD edibles are probably the simplest form of CBD to use as they provide a familiar way to consume CBD. While different edibles require different consumption methods, all you must do is eat these delicious treats in order to feel the effects. Even though certain CBD edibles, such as CBD lollipops or CBD beverages aren’t exactly eaten, their effects are almost identical to any other CBD edible. Keep in mind that different CBD edibles have different ways of measuring dosages. CBD gummies or capsules are the most convenient as you can identify the dosage in a single serving on a per gummy/per capsule basis. However, certain edibles like a CBD chocolate bar may require you to break apart the edible and eat it in sections. In order to get an idea of how much of an edible you should take, we highly advise you to look at the “suggested use” on your product’s label. Why Do People Enjoy CBD Edibles? People enjoy CBD edibles for different reasons. As mentioned, these treats provide many users with a familiar way to consume CBD. In other words, eating a CBD gummy may sound more appealing than taking CBD oil or puffing on a CBD vape. Furthermore, CBD edibles are made in many different flavors. This provides consumers with a wide variety to choose from should they get tired of a particular taste. Beyond the flavor, CBD edibles also have the longest-lasting effects making them ideal for those who need constant relief. Finally, CBD edibles are discreet compared to other consumption methods. They are easy to quickly consume whether on-the-go or stuck in the office. If you want to try CBD but are skeptical as to how those around you will view it, a CBD edible is the perfect way to hide the fact that you’re consuming a cannabis product. Our Criteria for the Best CBD Edibles In order to decide what were the best CBD edibles out there, we made sure to have a set of criteria when developing this list. If you plan to purchase a CBD edible that is not on our list, we highly suggest you consider evaluating the product through our criteria first. Certificate of Analysis - Since the CBD industry is unregulated, many companies go to a 3rd-party lab in order to receive a non-biased lab report on their products. These results will indicate several aspects of the CBD, including its cannabinoid-count, its purity, and whether it contains contaminants, such as pesticides. If you aren’t sure how to read a certificate of analysis, we invite you to check out our article on how to read CBD lab results. Extract Type - There are three types of CBD extracts: full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, and isolate. In order to create a diverse list, we made sure to include products from each of these extract types. Hemp Source - Most CBD within the United States comes from hemp. It is, therefore, vital for you to make sure a company is transparent about where they’re getting their hemp and whether or not it’s grown organically. Ingredients - We understand there are many out there with food allergies that would like to try CBD edibles. CBD brands must indicate everything that goes into their products. We highly suggest looking at the ingredients used in a CBD edible in order to make sure they meet your dietary requirements and don’t cause you any allergic reactions. Potency - The potency of CBD products is usually measured in milligrams (mg). The higher the milligram-count, the more CBD is in a product and the fewer servings you will need to feel the desired effects. If you are new to CBD, we suggest finding a product with anywhere from 10mg to 25mg per serving to start. Safety and Side Effects of CBD Edibles While CBD is often celebrated for having no side effects, some users have reported feeling mild bouts of the following: Appetite changes Diarrhea Drowsiness Dry mouth Fatigue When it comes to CBD edibles, it is extremely important for you to make sure these products meet your dietary requirements. If you struggle with a food allergy, you should always check the ingredients put into each of these products. If you are currently on prescription medication, we suggest consulting your doctor before taking CBD. While it is rare, there is some medication that has been reported to have negative interactions with CBD. If you are currently pregnant or lactating, we also suggest that you do not take CBD. Unfortunately, there’s just not enough evidence suggesting women of this category are safe to consume CBD products. Frequently Asked Questions How Long Do CBD Edibles Take? The effects of a CBD edible tend to kick in about 30 to 60 minutes after consumption. From there, effects will last anywhere from 8 to 12 hours. Also, there is no right or wrong time to take CBD. Where Can I Buy CBD Edibles? While you can purchase CBD edibles in several locations, users should be aware of the fact that this industry is unregulated and, therefore, there will likely be several brands that don’t provide high-quality products. For this reason, we highly suggest purchasing from one of the brands mentioned here as these are the best CBD edibles out there. As an added bonus, you can use one of our coupon codes to help you save on your order! Will CBD Edibles Get You High? No! Since CBD products must contain less than 0.3% THC, it is extremely unlikely you will get high from them. However, if you live in a state where recreational cannabis is legalized, you may run into CBD edibles that contain a higher concentration of THC.
CBD for Psoriasis
Scientific Confidence Grade Effect Size Rating Editorial Note C ** CBD may help relieve the symptoms and underlying causes of psoriasis. However, much of the evidence is limited to test-tube studies. There’s only one, low-quality human study. CBD for Psoriasis: Can It Help? Early research suggests that CBD may have a positive effect on psoriasis. These findings highlight the involvement of the body's endocannabinoid system (ECS) in overall skin health. However, it remains too early to tell whether or not you should use CBD for psoriasis over traditional medication. Psoriasis is a common skin condition characterized by scaly, itchy patches of skin. It’s usually treated by topical creams and ointments, but the condition is not curable and standard treatments are not always effective. That’s why many people turn to alternative options such as cannabis and hemp-derived cannabidiol (CBD) products. Research suggests that CBD may alleviate the symptoms of psoriasis and perhaps even address the overactive immune responses that underlie this condition. In particular, it seems that applying CBD topically may have a positive effect. Here’s what the science says about the potential of using CBD for psoriasis. Psoriasis Overview Psoriasis is an autoimmune skin disorder that causes red, itchy marks covered by flaking silvery scales. It most commonly affects the knees, elbows, scalp, and torso. Health experts believe the main cause of psoriasis is the rapid growth of skin cells resulting from an overactive immune system.  Psoriasis is a chronic condition that goes through cycles of flaring up and receding. Psoriasis Subtypes There are several types of psoriasis:  Plaque psoriasis (psoriasis vulgaris): the most common type of psoriasis (90% of cases), distinguished by raised, red, itchy patches covered in white scales. Inverse psoriasis: inflamed, shiny marks that occur in areas where your skin folds, such as the armpits, groin, and the inner thighs. Guttate Psoriasis: this type of psoriasis is marked by small red spots and tends to affect children and adolescents. Pustular Psoriasis: characterized by red, scaly patches with pustules that affect the hands and feet. Erythrodermic psoriasis: a short-term condition distinguished by red, inflamed skin present on over 90% of the body. It can occur in any type of psoriasis as a result of sunburn, certain medications, and other factors. Some people also develop psoriatic arthritis, a form of arthritis that occurs in about 20% to 30% of psoriasis sufferers. Psoriasis Symptoms and Pathology The most common symptom of psoriasis is raised, red, flaky skin patches. These patches can be small in size or affect large areas. Psoriasis can also cause soreness, itching, and burning around the spots, pitted nails, and dry, cracked skin that can bleed. These symptoms are worst during a flare-up and can disappear completely when psoriasis subsides. Can CBD Help With Psoriasis? There’s a growing number of test-tube studies suggesting that CBD may have a positive effect on psoriasis. One 2007 study looked at the effects of CBD, THC, and other cannabinoids on keratinocytes: the skin cells whose rapid growth — what scientists call proliferation — is the main cause of psoriasis. All of the cannabinoids reduced keratinocyte proliferation, leading the researchers to conclude that there’s a “potential role for cannabinoids in the treatment of psoriasis.”  More recently, the authors of a 2017 paper proposed that cannabinoids can help with psoriasis by addressing two key processes involved in its development: inflammation and angiogenesis, the formation of new blood vessels.  As it happens, CBD has been demonstrated to have both anti-inflammatory and antiangiogenic effects.   Additionally, a 2020 study looked at the effects of CBD on isolated human keratinocytes. The researchers found that cannabidiol affected the cells’ differentiation, leading them to conclude that it could be useful for treating various skin disorders.  CBD, The Endocannabinoid System, and Your Skin Researchers theorize that the potential benefits of CBD in treating psoriasis may come from its interaction with the body’s endocannabinoid system (ECS). The ECS consists of three parts: endocannabinoids produced by our bodies, the enzymes that make and break them down, and cannabinoid receptors (CB1 & CB2). CBD interacts with the ECS in two major ways: Suppressing an enzyme (FAAH) that breaks down the endocannabinoid anandamide, boosting its levels and prolonging its effects  Altering the function of the CB1 receptor  Discovered only recently, this important system plays a role in regulating everything from brain function to immunity to maintaining what’s called homeostasis — a state of internal balance.  Each component of the ECS can also be found in the skin — your largest organ — with growing evidence that this system may be involved in maintaining skin health. In particular, studies have shown that the ECS is involved in skin cell proliferation, differentiation, survival, and immune responses, all of which can play a role in psoriasis.  There’s also an indication that malfunction of the ECS may be associated with the development of skin conditions, including psoriasis.  For example, one study found that people with psoriasis and a related condition called psoriatic arthritis had elevated endocannabinoid levels in various blood cells.  The bottom line is that the ECS may play an essential role in skin health and the processes that underlie psoriasis and other skin conditions. Although dosages, timing, and method of intake are yet to be determined for effective treatment, the preliminary evidence suggests that using CBD may have a positive effect on psoriasis and its symptoms through its effect on the ECS. Anandamide and the Skin When it comes to the role of the ECS on skin health, the endocannabinoid anandamide may be particularly interesting. One study found that it reduced the release of pro-inflammatory molecules called cytokines by immune cells in the skin, a process that seems to be involved in causing psoriasis and other inflammatory skin conditions.  There’s also proof that anandamide can reduce itching — one of the symptoms of psoriasis — as demonstrated by a study where suppressing the FAAH enzyme reduced the itching response in mice.  As we highlighted earlier, CBD has the same effect on this enzyme and can result in increased anandamide levels. As such, increasing anandamide levels could be a major factor in how CBD may help treat psoriasis. Additionally, a recent 2020 review paper summarizing the results of various studies on the effects of anandamide, THC, CBD, and other cannabinoids, concluded that they all may have an important role in reducing skin inflammation, cell proliferation, fibrosis, pain, and itching, all of which may help with treating psoriasis and other skin conditions.  What Does the Research Say? There isn’t much human or clinical research looking at the use of CBD for treating psoriasis patients. One 2019 Italian study examined the effects of a CBD-infused ointment on 20 people with psoriasis, eczema, or scarring as a result of these conditions. The study participants applied the ointment to affected skin areas two times a day for 90 days. The treatment improved the symptoms and severity of psoriasis and several measures of skin health, such as elasticity and hydration.  The researchers concluded that applying CBD topically is a safe and effective way to improve the quality of life in people with skin disorders. Although these findings are promising, more high-quality studies, and especially randomized controlled trials (RCTs) — the gold standard of clinical research — are needed. How Much CBD Should I Take for Psoriasis? There isn’t enough research to suggest the ideal CBD dosage for psoriasis. This is especially true when applying CBD topically since most studies use either capsules or CBD oil. Besides, CBD dosage can vary depending on genetic factors, the type of product you’re using, and other variables. Your best option is to start by applying the amount of CBD recommended by your topical product to the affected skin areas. If you don’t notice any effects after a few days or weeks, you can try to raise the dose, making sure to try it for at least a few days before raising again if needed. If you’re using a topical product, you can estimate your CBD dose by dividing the total CBD content by the container volume. For example, if a 30 ml cream contains 600 mg of CBD, that’s 20 mg per ml. Next, you can estimate how much of an ml of the product you’re using to arrive at your estimated CBD dose. Are There Any Side Effects? One of the great things about CBD is that it’s a remarkably safe compound. Although it can cause some side effects, they are relatively mild in nature and have only been reported by studies using high dosages.  More importantly, CBD and hemp's other cannabinoids can only produce side effects when they reach the bloodstream. When applied topically in the form of a cream, ointment, or another product, CBD and other cannabinoids are highly unlikely to penetrate deep enough into the skin to reach the blood. Having said that, other ingredients in topical CBD preparations — such as terpenes or fragrances — may cause allergic reactions or other adverse effects in rare cases.  Conclusion More research is needed to show that CBD or other cannabinoids can provide relief for psoriasis. In particular, high-quality human studies are lacking, and most of the findings are restricted to test-tube studies. Nonetheless, the current evidence suggests that CBD may help alleviate psoriasis symptoms and address its underlying causes, such as an overactive immune response in the skin and a rapid build-up of keratinocyte cells. Given that it’s relative safety — especially when applied topically — CBD represents a promising, natural option for alleviating psoriasis. This is especially true for cases where standard pharmaceutical treatments are either ineffective or produce significant side effects. References  Lowes, Michelle A., Mayte Suárez-Fariñas, and James G. Krueger. "Immunology of psoriasis." Annual review of immunology 32 (2014): 227-255.  Rendon, Adriana, and Knut Schäkel. "Psoriasis pathogenesis and treatment." International journal of molecular sciences 20.6 (2019): 1475.  Tiwari, V., & Brent, L. H. (2019). Psoriatic Arthritis.  Wilkinson, Jonathan D., and Elizabeth M. Williamson. "Cannabinoids inhibit human keratinocyte proliferation through a non-CB1/CB2 mechanism and have a potential therapeutic value in the treatment of psoriasis." Journal of dermatological science 45.2 (2007): 87-92.  Norooznezhad, Amir Hossein, and Fatemeh Norooznezhad. "Cannabinoids: Possible agents for treatment of psoriasis via suppression of angiogenesis and inflammation." Medical Hypotheses 99 (2017): 15-18.  Atalay, Sinemyiz, Iwona Jarocka-Karpowicz, and Elzbieta Skrzydlewska. "Antioxidative and anti-inflammatory properties of cannabidiol." Antioxidants 9.1 (2020): 21.  Solinas, M., et al. "Cannabidiol inhibits angiogenesis by multiple mechanisms." British journal of pharmacology 167.6 (2012): 1218-1231.  Casares, Laura, et al. "Cannabidiol induces antioxidant pathways in keratinocytes by targeting BACH1." Redox biology 28 (2020): 101321.  Leweke, F. M., et al. "Cannabidiol enhances anandamide signaling and alleviates psychotic symptoms of schizophrenia." Translational psychiatry 2.3 (2012): e94-e94.  Chung, Hery, Angélica Fierro, and C. David Pessoa-Mahana. "Cannabidiol binding and negative allosteric modulation at the cannabinoid type 1 receptor in the presence of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol: An In Silico study." PloS one 14.7 (2019): e0220025.  Skaper, Stephen D., and Vincenzo Di Marzo. "Endocannabinoids in nervous system health and disease: the big picture in a nutshell." (2012): 3193-3200.  Bíró, Tamás, et al. "The endocannabinoid system of the skin in health and disease: novel perspectives and therapeutic opportunities." Trends in pharmacological sciences 30.8 (2009): 411-420.  Tóth, Kinga Fanni, et al. "Cannabinoid Signaling in the Skin: Therapeutic Potential of the “C (ut) annabinoid” System." Molecules 24.5 (2019): 918.  Ambro?ewicz, Ewa, et al. "Pathophysiological alterations of redox signaling and endocannabinoid system in granulocytes and plasma of psoriatic patients." Cells 7.10 (2018): 159.  Chiurchiù, Valerio, et al. "Anandamide suppresses proinflammatory T cell responses in vitro through type-1 cannabinoid receptor–mediated mTOR inhibition in human keratinocytes." The Journal of Immunology 197.9 (2016): 3545-3553.  Schlosburg, Joel E., et al. "Endocannabinoid modulation of scratching response in an acute allergenic model: a new prospective neural therapeutic target for pruritus." Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 329.1 (2009): 314-323.  Cintosun, Amber, Irene Lara-Corrales, and Elena Pope. "Mechanisms of Cannabinoids and Potential Applicability to Skin Diseases." Clinical Drug Investigation (2020): 1-12.  Palmieri, B., C. Laurino, and M. Vadalà. "A therapeutic effect of cbd-enriched ointment in inflammatory skin diseases and cutaneous scars." Clin Ter 170.2 (2019): e93-e99.  Iffland, Kerstin, and Franjo Grotenhermen. "An update on safety and side effects of cannabidiol: a review of clinical data and relevant animal studies." Cannabis and cannabinoid research 2.1 (2017): 139-154.  Nath, Neel Som, et al. "Contact allergy to hydroperoxides of linalool and D-limonene in a US population." Dermatitis 28.5 (2017): 313-316.
CBD for Sleep
Scientific Confidence Grade Effect Size Rating Editorial Note C ** CBD may help with sleep disorders by targeting their underlying causes. However, most of the current evidence is limited to animal and low-quality human studies. The available human research evidence is promising but of relatively low quality. Research suggests that CBD may significantly improve sleep problems. CBD for Sleep Disorders: Can It Help? (October 2020) Early human studies suggest that cannabidiol (CBD) may improve sleep disorders. Researchers believe it works by influencing our endocannabinoid system and addressing the underlying causes of sleep problems, such as anxiety. We’ve all dealt with occasional sleeplessness and other sleep-related issues. However, when these problems become a regular occurrence, you may be suffering from a sleep disorder, such as insomnia. While these conditions can be treated, standard medications often come with unwanted side effects and cannot be used long-term. Besides, many drugs only treat the symptoms of sleep disorders — such as difficulty falling asleep — rather than the underlying causes. As a result, there’s increasing interest in alternative, natural solutions like cannabis and CBD. There’s some evidence that CBD can help with insomnia and other sleep disorders, particularly by targeting their underlying causes. Read on for a look at what researchers say about CBD’s potential to aid healthy sleep. Sleep Disorders Overview Sleep disorders affect your sleeping patterns and make it difficult to get the right amount of quality sleep. They can decrease the quality of life and harm your overall health, particularly through sleep deprivation. There are many types of sleep disorders, but insomnia — difficulty falling and staying asleep — is the most common. Sleep disorders typically manifest as excessive daytime drowsiness due to a lack of quality sleep at night. Sleep Disorder Subtypes Sleep disorders can be grouped into several types:  Insomnia: the most common type of sleep disorder, characterized by difficulty falling and staying asleep. Breathing related sleep disorders: sleep apnea and other disorders linked to difficulty breathing during sleep. Hypersomnia: conditions such as narcolepsy and idiopathic hypersomnia that make it difficult to stay awake during the day. People with these disorders can fall asleep at any time. Parasomnia: disorders characterized by abnormal behaviors when you’re falling asleep, sleeping, or waking up, such as sleepwalking and sleep terrors. Circadian rhythm sleep disorders: sleep disorders where your body’s internal 24-hour sleep-wake clock is out of sync with your environment’s light-dark cycle, causing you to feel disoriented and sleepy. Sleep Movement disorders: conditions that make it difficult to get restful sleep by causing movements, such as restless leg syndrome and bruxism. Sleep Disorder Symptoms & Pathology The most common symptom of sleep disorders is excessive daytime sleepiness and associated problems such as difficulty concentrating, irritability, and feeling very tired. Depending on the exact type, sleep disorders can also cause movement during sleep, irregular breathing, and other issues. Can CBD Help With Sleep Disorders? Alleviating insomnia and improving overall sleep quality is one of the most common reasons people turn to CBD products. What’s so promising about CBD is that it seems to work by tackling the underlying causes of sleep disorders instead of just their symptoms. For example, anxiety, depression, and other conditions such as post-traumatic stress disorder, are known to either cause or contribute to insomnia and other sleep problems.   Preliminary studies have suggested that CBD may help alleviate anxiety, PTSD, and possibly have antidepressant-like effects as shown in a mouse study.   That means people whose sleep issues are related to these conditions can potentially benefit from CBD. Anxiety, in particular, is one of the leading causes of insomnia. Similarly, chronic pain is another reason many people struggle to get good sleep. In this case, CBD’s pain-relieving properties may be beneficial.  Another interesting finding is that CBD may have a biphasic effect on sleep. This means that low doses of CBD at certain times may actually promote wakefulness, as demonstrated by a study in rats.  Furthermore, higher doses of CBD may act as a sedative, as shown by a small study on humans, where 160 mg doses increased total sleep time and reduced sleep disturbances.  These preliminary findings merit further research to confirm whether CBD can be taken at night to promote sleep or be used in lower doses during the day to counteract the excessive daytime sleepiness caused by most sleep disorders. Not to mention, it's unclear how much of an effect other hemp properties - such as flavonoids and terpenes - have on sleep. The Endocannabinoid System and Sleep We also know that the body’s endocannabinoid system (ECS) plays an important role in regulating the sleep-wake cycle. This crucial system helps your body maintain a balanced state called homeostasis by regulating a wide range of essential processes, such as immunity, metabolism, and brain function.  The ECS consists of endocannabinoids made in our bodies, the enzymes that build and break them down, and the cannabinoid receptors (CB1 & CB2) they activate. The most popular theory is that the ECS plays a role in the effects of the suprachiasmatic nucleus — the part of the brain which controls an individual’s 24-hour circadian rhythm — on sleep and other processes.  This means the ECS may help maintain and promote sleep. Researchers are working hard to clarify the connection between the ECS and sleep. A study in rats revealed that the levels of endocannabinoids, their associated enzymes, and even cannabinoid receptors appear to fluctuate throughout the day, with a marked difference between the day and night.  The results from a study of healthy humans showed that levels of the endocannabinoid anandamide are three times higher when waking up versus going to sleep and that this relationship is dysregulated by sleep deprivation.  Furthermore, there’s evidence that activation of CB1 receptors via THC — the main intoxicating cannabinoid — can promote sleep. This may begin to describe the correlation between people feeling sleepy after taking cannabis with high levels of THC.  A study in rats also found a strong correlation between the light-dark cycle, sleep, and levels of ECS components. Specifically, CB1 receptor density increased in the pons area of the brain during REM rebound — the period of increased REM sleep that follows sleep deprivation.  Taken together, all of these findings suggest that our endocannabinoid system plays an important role in regulating our sleep cycle and making sure we get enough sleep. Since more and more evidence is showing how CBD can interact with this system in various ways (e.g., by suppressing the enzyme that breaks down anandamide, altering the function of the CB1 receptor), CBD may provide a possible avenue to help with sleep disorders.   What Does the Research Say? There’s a growing volume of human research suggesting that CBD can help with sleep disorders. One 2019 study out of Colorado looked at the effects of CBD on 72 people with anxiety and poor sleep. CBD decreased anxiety in 79% of the study participants for all three months of treatment. Sleep was improved in 67% of the subjects during the first month but fluctuated for the remaining two months.  A different study of 21 adults with PTSD reported that 38% experienced improvements in sleep after taking CBD.  There are also multiple case reports of individuals who improved their sleep by taking CBD. One such report discussed the cases of four Parkinson’s disease patients with REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD), a type of parasomnia characterized by acting out vivid, violent dreams during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. All four patients experienced a significant improvement in RBD after taking CBD.  Another case report discussed a woman with restless leg syndrome (RLS) who relieved her symptoms and improved sleep by using CBD oil.  Finally, a case report of a ten-year-old girl with PTSD noted that CBD oil improved her insomnia.  In short, the available human research evidence of CBD’s positive effects on sleep disorders is promising. Having said that, there’s a lack of high-quality evidence and the type of rigorous research needed like randomized controlled trials (RCTs), to confirm findings and provide specific therapeutic guidance on the use of CBD for improving sleep. How Much CBD Should I Take for Sleep? There’s no consensus on the right amount of CBD to take to promote good sleep. There simply isn’t enough research in this area. Besides, your ideal CBD dosage for sleep or any other issue depends on many variables, such as body weight, genetics, symptom severity, and the type of product you’re using. As such, it’s hard to suggest a CBD dosage that will work for everyone. If you’re new to CBD, it’s best to start with a small dose (10-15 mg) and see how it makes you feel. If you don’t notice any effect, you should gradually raise the dosage over a few hours or days, making sure to stop in between doses to see if you feel anything. Once you find the CBD dose that provides you with the relief you’re looking for, stick to it. Also, keep in mind that it’s best to take CBD about 20-60 minutes before sleep to give it time to start working. Some products are (such as CBD gummies and tinctures) make it easier to measure out doses. We highly suggest finding a CBD product that's designed for sleep aid. Are There Any Side Effects? According to numerous research studies, CBD is a generally safe substance with few side effects and was even tolerated well at daily dosages as high as 1500 mg.  Although CBD can cause issues such as tiredness, drowsiness, diarrhea, dry mouth, low blood pressure, dizziness, and changes in appetite or weight, these effects are relatively mild and have only been reported by studies using very high doses of pure CBD (300 mg and up).  Most people take no more than 100 mg of CBD at a time, so they’re unlikely to experience these side effects. Additionally, instead of pure CBD, many individuals use whole-plant, full-spectrum CBD extracts which have been shown to have a lower risk of side effects.  Conclusion Although more high-quality research is needed, early findings suggest that CBD oils can have a beneficial effect on sleep problems and full-on sleep disorders such as insomnia. This isn’t all that surprising as CBD: Interacts with the endocannabinoid system, which is known to regulate the sleep-wake cycle May improve many of the health issues that can cause or worsen sleeping problems, such as chronic pain, anxiety, and depression Although figuring out the right CBD dosage can take some experimentation, CBD is a safe, natural substance with few and minor side effects. In comparison, many of the prescription medications used for sleep disorders cannot be used in the long-term due to significant adverse effects and the possibility of addiction and withdrawal. Not to mention, CBD products for sleeping are often made with a number of other sleep-promoting all-natural ingredients, such as melatonin. References  Chokroverty, Sudhansu. "Overview of sleep & sleep disorders." Indian J Med Res 131.2 (2010): 126-140.  Oh, Chang-Myung, et al. "The effect of anxiety and depression on sleep quality of individuals with high risk for insomnia: a population-based study." Frontiers in neurology 10 (2019): 849.  Maher, Michael J., Simon A. Rego, and Gregory M. Asnis. "Sleep disturbances in patients with post-traumatic stress disorder: epidemiology, impact and approaches to management." CNS drugs 20.7 (2006): 567-591.  Masataka, Nobuo. "Anxiolytic effects of repeated cannabidiol treatment in teenagers with social anxiety disorders." Frontiers in Psychology 10 (2019): 2466.  Sales, Amanda J., et al. "Antidepressant-like effect induced by Cannabidiol is dependent on brain serotonin levels." Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry 86 (2018): 255-261.  Vu?kovi?, Sonja, et al. "Cannabinoids and pain: new insights from old molecules." Frontiers in pharmacology 9 (2018): 1259.  Murillo-Rodríguez, Eric, et al. "The nonpsychoactive Cannabis constituent cannabidiol is a wake-inducing agent." Behavioral neuroscience 122.6 (2008): 1378.  CARLINI, ELISALDO A., and JOMAR M. CUNHA. "Hypnotic and antiepileptic effects of cannabidiol." The Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 21.S1 (1981): 417S-427S.  Skaper, Stephen D., and Vincenzo Di Marzo. "Endocannabinoids in nervous system health and disease: the big picture in a nutshell." (2012): 3193-3200.  Babson, Kimberly A., James Sottile, and Danielle Morabito. "Cannabis, cannabinoids, and sleep: a review of the literature." Current psychiatry reports 19.4 (2017): 23.  Valenti, M., et al. "Differential diurnal variations of anandamide and 2-arachidonoyl-glycerol levels in rat brain." Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences CMLS 61.7-8 (2004): 945-950.  Vaughn, Linda K., et al. "Endocannabinoid signalling: has it got rhythm?." British journal of pharmacology 160.3 (2010): 530-543.  Murillo-Rodríguez, Eric. "The role of the CB1 receptor in the regulation of sleep." Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry 32.6 (2008): 1420-1427.  Martnez-Vargas, M., et al. "Sleep modulates cannabinoid receptor 1 expression in the pons of rats." Neuroscience 117.1 (2003): 197-201.  Leweke, F. M., et al. "Cannabidiol enhances anandamide signaling and alleviates psychotic symptoms of schizophrenia." Translational psychiatry 2.3 (2012): e94-e94.  Chung, Hery, Angélica Fierro, and C. David Pessoa-Mahana. "Cannabidiol binding and negative allosteric modulation at the cannabinoid type 1 receptor in the presence of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol: An In Silico study." PloS one 14.7 (2019): e0220025.  Shannon, Scott, et al. "Cannabidiol in anxiety and sleep: a large case series." The Permanente Journal 23 (2019).  Elms, Lucas, et al. "Cannabidiol in the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder: a case series." The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine 25.4 (2019): 392-397.  Chagas, Marcos HN, et al. "Cannabidiol can improve complex sleep?related behaviours associated with rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder in Parkinson's disease patients: a case series." Journal of clinical pharmacy and therapeutics 39.5 (2014): 564-566.  Megelin, Thomas, and Imad Ghorayeb. "Cannabis for restless legs syndrome: a report of six patients." Sleep medicine 36 (2017): 182.  Shannon, Scott, and Janet Opila-Lehman. "Effectiveness of cannabidiol oil for pediatric anxiety and insomnia as part of posttraumatic stress disorder: a case report." The Permanente Journal 20.4 (2016).  Bergamaschi, M. M., R. H. Queiroz, and A. W. Zuardi. "en Crippa, JA (2011). Safety and Side Effects of Cannabidiol, a Cannabis sativa Constituent." Current Drug Safety 6.4: 237-249.  Huestis, Marilyn A., et al. "Cannabidiol adverse effects and toxicity." Current neuropharmacology 17.10 (2019): 974-989.  Pamplona, Fabricio A., Lorenzo Rolim da Silva, and Ana Carolina Coan. "Potential clinical benefits of CBD-rich cannabis extracts over purified CBD in treatment-resistant epilepsy: observational data meta-analysis." Frontiers in neurology 9 (2018): 759.
New West Genetics Introduces a Hemp Seed Crafted for Row-Crop Farmers
New West Genetics | Hemp Seed for Row-Crop Farmers The hemp industry is expanding at a rate that wouldn’t have been predicted years ago. Back in 2017, VoteHemp reported that 25,713 acres were grown. By 2019, that number skyrocketed to 511,442 acres. As the demand for cannabidiol (CBD) and hemp-produced products continues to climb, so does the necessity for more acreage. New West Genetics, a global leader in hemp seed genetics, understands this along with other problems facing this industry. In turn, it’s developed a family of hemp seeds under the name of ABOUND that makes it easier for row-crop farmers to cultivate hemp for dual-purpose CBD and grain. “As the regulatory environment catches up with the consumer demand for CBD as well as grain and fiber, the hemp industry of the future must be scalable to ensure a stable supply chain with high-quality products,” reports Wendy Mosher, president and co-founder of New West Genetics. “Row-crop farmers are uniquely positioned to help the hemp industry scale hemp in a manner that is sustainable and dependable.” The majority of row-crop farmers are located in the Midwest, which is where we’re also seeing a huge jump in hemp acreage. In order to make hemp more scalable, it’s vital these farmers are able to use existing farm machinery in order to minimize any labor and operational expenses. However, beyond profit margins, we’re in need of a hemp seed that can maintain the high quality that the CBD industry is known for. This is where New West Genetics comes in. The Problem with Feminized-Only Seeds As the industry currently stands, most farmers are only growing feminized hemp seeds as they produce high concentrations of CBD. While this is great for smokable flower production, it’s inefficient for the scale this industry will need, not to mention the expectations of the Food & Drug Administration (FDA). “Farmers are always looking for a profitable crop to add to their rotation,” Mosher discusses. “Superior, dependable seed genetics are the best way to ensure a successful crop. We believe we have a seed that will give farmers the peace of mind they need to feel confident planting hemp, just as they do any other crop. “The ABOUND family of varieties ensures not only enhanced CBD flower and nutritious grain but also high germination, yield, and harvestability,” she goes on. “We continue to do research on our fiber as well. ABOUND can then potentially offer growers the opportunity to drive profitability across three revenue streams.” This seed is not just designed for CBD production, which is what makes it so profitable. Seeing as hemp has more than 25,000 known uses, using both male and female seeds can support farmers in more ways than one might initially consider. In fact, this was one of the difficulties met with last year’s harvest. While there was a huge increase in industrial hemp production, the majority of crops were cultivated for CBD using feminized-only seeds. Not only was this an expensive endeavor, but overproduction brought a dramatic decrease in profit. In order to curb such problems in the future, it’s absolutely vital for businesses to begin looking toward hemp for non-CBD products, such as building material, clothing, food, and paper. “Markets exist today for nutritious grain used in food products and fiber products across multiple industries,” Mosher states. “Yet, hemp is still a nascent industry and requires further approval by the FDA for human food additives and animal feed to grow and develop. Infrastructure and development are also critical to ensure the sustainability of the hemp industry and thus a dependable supply chain.” The Demand from Farmers While the majority of us sit back and enjoy our CBD, we don’t often consider what goes into its production. The truth is, farmers across America are struggling and are desperately seeking out a seed that’s easier to cultivate, not to mention one that can be more easily incorporated with their other crops. “Over the course of the spring , we talked with over 700 growers - most of whom had grown feminized seedlings in 2019,” explains Mosher. “We repeatedly heard comments about the challenge of the high level of manual labor needed to grow feminized hemp. “Many of these farmers also grew 2,000+ acres of corn and soybeans. Another common complaint was the amount of time it took to grow 50 to 100 acres of feminized hemp, as it took too much of their focus away from their mainstay production crops. Most agreed they are looking for a hemp seed that can deliver high-CBD flowers while also offering an additional revenue stream of grain that fits with their row-crop production.” Interestingly, New West Genetics’ hemp seed has garnered the attention of farmers who currently aren’t cultivating hemp. These farmers understand that the superiority of seed genetics is the most viable way to ensure a successful crop. With that, they’ve considered ABOUND as their potential introduction into this industry. “The feminized-only seed planting method is frequently promoted as the only method for high-CBD flower products,” Mosher notes. “As farmers learn more about our approach to hemp planting, their interest continues to grow. A lot of what we do each day is education.” Follow the Seed and Flower Beyond developing this innovative hemp seed, New West Genetics has also started a monthly virtual educational series called Follow the Seed and Flower, which documents a number of aspects of growing hemp, from post-harvest drying to seed separation to lab testing. As so much misinformation surrounding this industry remains, such efforts are almost a necessity. However, New West Genetics also hopes to help farmers understand what to expect from a dual-purpose crop and the potential market and consumer expectations for hemp grain. “We launched our showcase in person on September 14th, and will continue virtual series to introduce our varieties and focus on successful production and harvest methods, processing techniques, and end-market opportunities,” Mosher tells us. “As we ‘follow the flower,’ we will test moisture levels, yield, and cannabinoids at each stage of the process to enable growers, helping them understand the impact of the choices they make along the way.” Follow the Seed and Flower invites farmers, agronomists, university hemp experts, and industry professionals to join them and continue to learn about how ABOUND can change this industry. Final Words As ABOUND begins to take the world by storm, New West Genetics continues to focus its breeding on increasing CBD while decreasing THC. With that, it can be expected that a number of varieties with new and exciting improvements will be released under the ABOUND name. Furthermore, with more opportunity for farmers to learn and incorporate ABOUND into their annual crop rotation, it’s likely we’re going to continue seeing an increase in hemp production. While large-scale hemp cultivation has always been on the horizon, it looks like this industry is ready to take that next step. “The hemp industry has had its ups and downs over the last three years,” Mosher reflects. “This is not to be unexpected for any new industry. Anyone who farms knows that farming has always been a cyclical business. “At New West Genetics, we are very excited about the future of the hemp industry. We will continue to focus our research and development on hemp varieties for row-crop farmers. We believe utilizing row-crop production principles will ensure the sustainability of the hemp industry, and row-crop farmers play a vital role in moving the hemp industry to the next level by producing high-quality hemp at scale.”
Best CBD Flower
CBD Flower | Best of 2020 Cannabidiol (CBD) can be consumed in several ways – from tinctures to topicals. CBD flower, one of the most popular methods, is considered by many to be the purest method of CBD consumption. CBD flower refers to the hemp buds picked off the cannabis plant and dried prior to consumption. These hemp buds can be used in several ways, the most popular one is by smoking them. Smoking CBD flowers is one of the quickest ways to feel the effects of CBD. This is because CBD inhalation causes it to enter the bloodstream through our lungs, typically occuring within seconds and providing users with near-instant relief. Furthermore, CBD flowers come in a variety of strains - offering different cannabinoid and terpene profiles which may provide support for various health conditions. Throughout this article, we are going to share with you our favorite CBD flower products and brands currently on the market, as well as what makes them so special. Like the smoking of any plant or substance, however, there are some health concerns associated with smoking hemp flowers. Despite the health risks, many CBD users still opt for smoking as it can be one of the most relaxing ways to consume CBD. This is particularly true for users who also smoke cannabis or tobacco as it is a familiar sensation. We invite you to follow along as we take a deeper look into the best CBD flower. Top Ranking CBD Flower 1.) CBD American Shaman Rating 5/ 5 Extract Type: Not extracted Total CBD Range: Depends on the strain (see below) Potency Range: Not mentioned Price Range: $9.99 - $29.99 Value ($/mg): Not mentioned THC Content: <0.3% Lab Report: See Here Strain Variations: 3 Potency Variations: 1 CBD American Shaman Pros: Lower price point than other competing products on this list Offer flowers that are CBG-dominant CBD American Shaman Cons: No bud option for CBD flower CBD American Shaman is one of the biggest CBD companies currently out there, offering one of the most versatile selections of high-quality CBD products. When it comes to hemp flower, they offer two unique products that are no exception to this reputation. CBD American Shaman offers a pre-roll of their CBD-rich hemp Cherry Wine strain. Even though pre-rolls tend to cost more than hemp bud, they can be a much better option for newcomers who may not have smoking equipment or have no experience rolling for themselves. However, if you do have the proper equipment or do not mind rolling, you may get a better deal purchasing CBD American Shaman CBG flower strains. These come in the traditional bud form and can be purchased in the John Snow Flower or Lemon strain. Each purchase comes with 3.5 grams of flower. 2.) Berkshire CBD Rating 5/ 5 Extract Type: Not extracted Total CBD Range: Depends on the strain (see below) Potency Range: Not mentioned Price Range: $8.95 - $109.95 Value ($/mg): Not mentioned THC Content: <0.3% Lab Report: See Here Strain Variations: 15 Potency Variations: 1 Berkshire CBD Pros: Plenty of information about the effects of different strains on their website Has a pet-friendly CBD flower option (Sour Dog) Free shipping on purchases of $50 or more Berkshire CBD Cons: No international shipping available When it comes to hemp flowers, Berkshire CBD is one of the most reputable brands out there. While their selection is not as versatile as some others on this list, the company takes its strains seriously, which is also evident when looking at their website. Under each strain, you will find a short description detailing the effects it can have - everything from getting a better night’s rest to keeping you awake and focused. Through these descriptions, you can see that Berkshire CBD made a deliberate effort to provide its customers with the most organic benefit possible through their products. You will find some classics on here like Bubba Kush, Hawaiian Haze, and Special Sauce. At the same time, you will also discover lesser-known strains such as Abacus, Legendary, and Sour Dog. All of Berkshire CBD’s strains can be purchased in weights ranging from 1 gram to 1 ounce. Prices go up with weight - usually starting around $8 -10 and going up to around $110. 3.) Americana Uncut Rating 5/ 5 Extract Type: Not extracted Total CBD Range: Depends on the strain (see below) Potency Range: Not mentioned Price Range: $9.50 - $90.00 Value ($/mg): Not mentioned THC Content: <0.3% Lab Report: See Here Strain Variations: 4 Potency Variations: 1 Americana Uncut Pros: Offer three unique CBD strains along with one CBG strain CBD flower can be purchased as 4 grams of premium shake ($19.99) Brand also offers smoking equipment and accessories (i.e. silicone pipes) Americana Uncut Cons: Only offer 4 strains (not including pre-rolls) Americana Uncut doesn’t have an official website, all their products can be purchased through Pure CBD Vapors instead. The brand became well-known for their vaping products and has since developed a market for their CBD flower as well. They currently offer three CBD strains (Blueberry Haze, Hawaiian Haze, and Suzy Q) along with one CBG strain (CBG Ice), and each of them can be purchased in weights ranging from 1 gram to a half an ounce (about 14 grams). Prices will vary depending on the weight and strain and range from $9.50 to $90. Americana Uncut also offers different hemp flower strains in their pre-rolled joints, including Jack Herer, Lemon Haze, OG Kush, and Strawberry Diesel. If you are new to smoking hemp flowers, you may also be in the market for smoking accessories to help get you started. Americana Uncut offers a few pieces of smoking equipment which include a selection of silicone pipes. 4.) Koi CBD Rating 4.5/ 5 Extract Type: Not extracted Total CBD Range: Depends on the strain (see below) Potency Range: Not mentioned Price Range: $24.99 Value ($/mg): Not mentioned THC Content: <0.3% Lab Report: See Here Strain Variations: 3 Potency Variations: 1 Koi CBD Pros: Offer their flower as buds and pre-rolls Affordable prices compared to competitors One of the most reputable CBD brands currently out there Koi CBD Cons: CBD flower can only be purchased in 4-gram tins While Koi CBD’s selection of CBD hemp flowers is slim, they offer some of the highest-quality buds currently on the market. This comes as no surprise as Koi CBD is one of the most reputable brands currently out there. Koi CBD currently offers their flowers in three different strains - Bubba Kush, Legendary OG, and Sour Space Candy. They also offer pre-rolls in four unique strains, including Hawaiian Haze, Lifter, Special Sauce, and Sour Space Candy. The only major downside we found to Koi CBD’s selection is the fact that their buds can only be purchased in 4-gram tins. While they offer a reasonable price compared to competitors ($24.99), they do not give you the option to save if you want to purchase more. 5.) Secret Nature Rating 4.5/ 5 Extract Type: Not extracted Total CBD Range: Depends on the strain (see below) Potency Range: Not mentioned Price Range: $30.00 - $250.00 Value ($/mg): Not mentioned THC Content: <0.3% Lab Report: On individual product pages Strain Variations: 16 Potency Variations: 1 Secret Nature Pros: Offers a variety of different strains which can help with different ailments Each strain can be purchased in weights of up to 1 ounce Secret Nature Cons: Flower cannot be purchased in amounts smaller than 3.5 grams Of all the brands on our list, Secret Nature offers some of the most unique strains we’ve come across. From Dough Boy to Mr. Rainbow, we are certain that even the most seasoned hemp flower connoisseur will find a strain that is new to them in this collection! Fortunately, Secret Nature does an excellent job of describing how each of these strains will affect you. On individual product pages, you can find the breed (i.e. indica, sativa, or hybrid), the CBD and CBDa percentages, and a brief description of the general effects. Furthermore, each of these strains has plenty of reviews which can give you an idea of how these flowers made people feel, and how you can expect to feel after consuming them. Not only is Secret Nature ideal for those who already enjoy CBD flower, but they also offer a wide selection of pre-rolls which can be ideal for newcomers just looking to give hemp flowers a try. As for the flower buds available for purchase, the smallest weight you can purchase is 3.5 grams. From there, weights go all the way up to one ounce (28 grams). 6.) Blue Ridge Hemp Rating 4/ 5 Extract Type: Not extracted Total CBD Range: Depends on the strain (see below) Potency Range: Not mentioned Price Range: $10.00 - $90.00 Value ($/mg): Not mentioned THC Content: <0.3% Lab Report: On individual product pages Strain Variations: 4 Potency Variations: 1 Blue Ridge Hemp Pros: Offer their hemp flower in both buds (by weight) and pre-rolls Available in a variety of strains and weights Abundant information on Blue Ridge Hemp’s website about each strain Blue Ridge Hemp Cons: Higher price point than other products on this list Blue Ridge Hemp sell 4 different strains of CBD flower: Kush Hemp, Elektra, Special Sauce, and Lifter. Each of these has a specific terpene and cannabinoid profile that make it ideal for certain ailments and user needs. One of the strains available is Special Sauce; a mellow strain that will help you feel more relaxed and is ideal for consumption at the end of the day. On the other hand, Lifter is another strain that can provide you with a burst of peaceful energy and is more suitable for users looking for a strain they can smoke throughout the day. For further information on what each of these strains has to offer, we suggest you look at Blue Ridge’s website. You will find the certificate of analysis (CoA) for each strain where you can find the cannabinoid and terpene profiles and levels. The strains for sale can be purchased in different sizes; 3.5 grams ($30), 7 grams ($50), and 14 grams ($90). Additionally, the flower can be bought in a pre-roll format containing about 0.5g per pre-roll, and they are then sold in a 5-pack ($35). 7.) Plain Jane Rating 4/ 5 Extract Type: Not extracted Total CBD Range: Depends on the strain (see below) Potency Range: Not mentioned Price Range: $5.50 - $900.00 Value ($/mg): Not mentioned THC Content: <0.3% Lab Report: See Here Strain Variations: 41 Potency Variations: 1 Plain Jane Pros: Largest selection of strains on our list - a wide variety of genetics Offers high-CBD strains - including 45% CBD in the Moon Rocks strain Plain Jane Cons: Not all strains available in a pre-roll format If you’re a big fan of hemp flower, look no further than Plain Jane’s selection of CBD flowers. With 41 different offerings, this product line guarantees that you will always find something new with every purchase! Plain Jane’s products include some well-known strains like Sour Diesel, Jack Herer, and Skywalker. Their offerings also include a few unique strains which you’re unlikely to find at other brands’ stores, most notably their CBD Moon Rocks - a potent strain of hemp that contains up to 45% CBD content. Pricing varies depending on the strain you choose and the net weight of the flower purchased. If you are new to CBD flower and are looking to give it a try, there are several strains to choose from that cost less than $20. However, if you already know that you like CBD flower and want the most bang for your buck, you will get a better price per gram the more you buy at once. 8.) Tweedle Farms Rating 4/ 5 Extract Type: Not extracted Total CBD Range: Depends on the strain (see below) Potency Range: Not mentioned Price Range: $6.00 - $90.00 Value ($/mg): Not mentioned THC Content: <0.3% Lab Report: On individual product pages Strain Variations: 11 Potency Variations: 1 Tweedle Farms Pros: Most strains can be purchased in full buds, small buds, or shake Many strains have indoor and outdoor options Strains available in a 4-pack Mystery Strain option Tweedle Farms offer a healthy variety of CBD flower strains - enough strains to keep you coming back for something new, but not too many that you feel overwhelmed with options. They offer strains with varying levels of CBD potency, and each strain is available for purchase in multiple sizes. One thing we like about Tweedle Farms’ products is that they offer their strains in different formats. For example, the AC/DC strain can be purchased in small buds or shake. Another one of their strains; the White CBG, can be purchased in indoor buds, outdoor buds, or shake. Since the different formats of each strain carry the same effects and cannabinoid content, the main reason to pick one format over the other is the price. Indoor buds are the most expensive per gram, followed by outdoor buds, small buds, and finally, shake which is the cheapest format of any given strain on a per gram basis. With a visit to Tweedle Farms’ website, you will find plenty of information and analysis reports for each strain. If the information still leaves you unsure which strain is best for you, you can always opt for their 4-pack Mystery Strain that allows you to try new strains that may help you find the best strains for your unique needs. 9.) Hempzilla Rating 4/ 5 Extract Type: Not extracted Total CBD Range: Depends on the strain (see below) Potency Range: Not mentioned Price Range: $11.99 - $62.00 Value ($/mg): Not mentioned THC Content: <0.3% Lab Report: On individual product pages Strain Variations: 8 Potency Variations: 1 Hempzilla Pros: Some strains can be purchased in pre-rolls Offers subscription service to help you save Hempzilla Cons: Only offers 1-gram bags for two strains Hempzilla boasts a selection of 8 different CBD flower strains (including one CBG flower). For the most part, their selection is made up of well-known strains such as Cherry Wine, Suver Haze, Hawaiian Haze, and Bubba Kush. Each of their 8 strains can be purchased in 3.5-gram or 7-gram jars. Alternatively, if you are looking for a smaller option, they offer their Suver Haze and Lifter strains in 1-gram bags. In addition to the different sizes of flower, Hempzilla offers some of their strains in pre-rolls, like the Hawaiian Haze and Lifter strains. If you are having a hard time deciding which strain to get, you can opt for the pre-roll variety 5-pack, and this will allow you to try 5 different strains and find the one that meets your needs the best. One of Hempzilla’s unique products on offer is their hemp cigarettes. These come in a case that resembles a tobacco cigarette case and contains 20 nicotine-free smokes. 10.) Starseed Botanicals Rating 3.5/ 5 Extract Type: Not extracted Total CBD Range: Depends on the strain (see below) Potency Range: Not mentioned Price Range: $24.00 - $99.99 Value ($/mg): Not mentioned THC Content: <0.3% Lab Report: On individual product pages Strain Variations: 21 Potency Variations: 1 Starseed Botanicals Pros: Offer a variety of potent, high-CBD strains Wholesale options are available (approval required) Starseed Botanicals Cons: More expensive per gram of flower than other products on this list Starseed Botanicals stand out from the rest of the companies on this list as they specialize in selling hemp flowers and flower-based products (i.e. hemp pre-rolls). Therefore, it is no surprise that they offer one of the most varied selections of strains and some of the highest-quality buds currently on the market. While their products include some notable strains like Sour Space Candy, Purple Space Queen, and Lifter, they also include some less popular strains, such as Super Nova CBGa, GalactiC-Punch, and Q-17 CBDa. Some strains can also be purchased in “Private Reserve” which means the product is produced to the highest standards of cannabis flower curing. Weight options and pricing vary depending on the strain. While most can be purchased between 7 grams and 28 grams (1 ounce), some specialty strains like CBD Caviar (moon rocks) can only be purchased in 1.75 grams to 3 grams. What is CBD Flower? CBD flower is the flower of the female hemp plant. When the plant reaches maturity, it will produce a bud (also referred to as the flower) that contains numerous cannabinoids and terpenes. While the natural purpose of these compounds is to attract pollen from male plants, they have also been found to have potential health benefits when consumed by humans. Not all hemp buds will look the same or have the same effects. This is due to the cannabinoid and terpene profile which varies from one strain to another. Different strains will have different concentrations of CBD, cannabigerol (CBG), and numerous other cannabinoids. What is the Difference Between Hemp Buds and Marijuana? Hemp and marijuana are nearly identical and are both considered cannabis plants. What separates the two is their cannabinoid levels, particularly the levels of cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Marijuana contains higher levels of THC which is responsible for the “high” people often associate with cannabis. On the other hand, hemp buds contain higher levels of CBD which does not produce the psychoactive effects and does not get its users high. Under federal law, a cannabis plant can only be defined as hemp (or hemp seed) if it contains 0.3% or less THC - a percentage low enough that it will not cause psychoactivity or the impairment typically associated with marijuana. Is It Legal to Purchase CBD Flowers Online? Under the 2018 Farm Bill, industrial hemp is 100% legal to sell. As mentioned above, however, these plants must contain less than 0.3% THC in order to qualify under this regulation. At the same time, it is important to note that if you live in a state where marijuana is recreationally legalized, you may come across high THC concentrations in some hemp buds. To be certain of the contents of the flower you’re buying, we suggest you look at a manufacturer's certificate of analysis (CoA) for the particular strain you’re getting. This will identify the cannabinoid profile of the originating plant and indicate CBD and THC levels. What Does Smoking CBD Flower Do? Smoking CBD flowers have similar effects to other CBD products. Many users report feeling a sense of relaxation, both in the mind and body. Additionally, numerous studies have reported that CBD can help with several health conditions, including anxiety, pain, and seizures. One of the perks to smoking CBD flowers as opposed to other methods of consumption is the fact that it enters your bloodstream quicker through the lungs. This subsequently produces almost immediate effects. Such instant relief is ideal for those with conditions that require prompt attention, such as anxiety. What Are The Best CBD Flower Strains? The answer to this question is ultimately a matter of preference. Some people prefer a strain that will wake them up and keep them focused while others will favor strains that help them relax and get to sleep. In order to identify which strain is best for you, we highly suggest you do some research into your particular ailment or needs along with the cannabinoids and terpenes that have been found to help with related symptoms. From there, a quick Google search will inform you of the strains that have high concentrations of the cannabinoids and terpenes you should be seeking. To give you an idea of how different hemp strains work, here are some of the most notable strains out there: ACDC – also referred to as AC/DC, this hemp strain is known for its relaxing qualities without causing users to feel drowsy or sleepy. Cherry Wine - known for its enticing aroma, Cherry Wine is considered a well-rounded hemp flower for its balanced CBD and cannabinoid profile. Hawaiian Haze - known for its pick-me-up qualities, Hawaiian Haze is an ideal strain for those looking for a hemp strain that can keep them focused and energized. Lifter - as its name suggests, this strain boosts calming energy which many refer to as “lifting the spirits.” Due to its versatile cannabinoid count, Lifter has an ability to also produce an entourage effect. Special Sauce - While Special Sauce is known for its great flavor and scent, it also is a fan favorite for its relaxing effects. Our Criteria for Best CBD Flower When it came to choosing the best CBD flower, we had 4 important criteria in mind. These are: Growing Method - We made sure every hemp bud on this list was grown organically. This means no pesticides or trace chemicals were found in the final product. Certificate of Analysis - It is important for us to know exactly what is in our hemp buds. One way to identify the cannabinoid and terpene count with each strain is by looking at the certificate of analysis (CoA). This can also inform you if the product contains any contaminants or traces of pesticides. Company Reputation - Being as the CBD industry is currently unregulated, we made sure to only look at well-known brands that are known for taking their product development and customer safety seriously. Customer Service - We understand that there are a lot of newcomers to CBD who will most likely have a lot of questions to ask. With that said, we made sure to only choose companies that offer quality customer service. Safety and Side Effects of CBD Flower Admittedly, smoking anything is not exactly good for your lungs. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), cannabis smoke “can harm lung tissues and cause scarring and damage to small blood vessels.” With this information, it is important to understand that smoking hemp long-term (i.e. on a regular basis for a long period of time) can have negative effects on the lungs. For this reason, if you plan on using CBD regularly, we suggest going with an alternate consumption method like tinctures or edibles. However, the occasional hemp pre-roll is likely safe enough to be enjoyed. And seeing as CBD flower can have a different effect from other CBD consumption methods, we suggest giving it a try. CBD is often hailed for having little to no side effects in comparison to prescription medications. However, some users have reported mild feelings of the following side effects coinciding with their consumption of CBD: Appetite changes Diarrhea Dry mouth Fatigue Weight changes If you are currently on any prescription medication, we strongly recommend consulting your doctor before consuming CBD – flower or otherwise. While rare, there are some medications that have been reported to have negative interactions with CBD. Finally, there currently is not enough evidence of CBD’s safety for pregnant or lactating women. Therefore, if you happen to be pregnant or lactating, we would recommend you avoid consuming CBD entirely. Frequently Asked Questions What is the Best CBD Flower on the Market? Our list above provides you with what we believe is the best CBD flower currently on the market. While there are certainly other excellent brands and products, these were our picks from top-quality companies that grow all their high CBD flowers organically. How Much is a Pound of CBD Flower? Most companies only sell pounds of CBD flower through wholesale. The average price for a pound can vary but is typically between $226 and $349. Where to Buy CBD Flowers? We recommend purchasing hemp buds from a brand on our list of the best CBD flowers, and most of their products are available for ordering online. Additionally, besides online, you can also purchase CBD flowers at certain in-store locations, such as smoke shops or cannabis dispensaries. Will CBD Flower Get Me High? No! All federally-legal CBD flowers must contain less than 0.3% THC and, therefore, will not get you high. It is, however, worth noting, that if you live in a state where recreational marijuana is legalized, you may run into CBD flower that contains higher amounts of THC and, therefore, may produce psychoactive effects.
Best CBD Massage Oils
CBD Massage Oils | Best of 2020 Cannabidiol (CBD) topicals are getting a lot of attention for their ability to help relieve pains in a targeted manner. This interest has led brands to offer their own unique formulas in a variety of formats and delivery methods for customers looking for further CBD relief. One of the formats found in the market these days is CBD massage oils. Made using a variety of all-natural ingredients, CBD oils work just like other soothing massage oils on the market. The main difference is that it contains a dose of CBD that, when absorbed into the skin, will deliver a relaxing and easing effect. This soothing effect is great if you struggle with back pain or simply struggle to calm your body down after a hard day. While there are fewer CBD massage oil products available compared to more popular formats like tinctures and edibles, it is still important to ensure that you’re only purchasing from reputable producers putting out high-quality products. To help with that, we put together a list of our favorite and the top 10 best CBD massage oils currently on the market. Top Ranking CBD Massage Oils 1.) Mary's Nutritionals Rating 5/ 5 Extract Type: Full-spectrum Total CBD Range: 50mg Potency Range: Depends on the amount used Price Range: $20.00 Value ($/mg): $0.40 per mg THC Content: <0.3% Lab Report: See Here Scent Variations: 1 Potency Variations: 1 Mary’s Nutritionals Pros: Uses antioxidant-rich sunflower seed oil Many user testimonials praising the oil’s effectiveness Mary’s Nutritionals Cons: Lowest CBD concentration on our list Mary Nutrionals’ CBD massage oil is unique compared to others on this list. This is due to its use of alternative ingredients that you would not find in competing products. Some of the more notable ones includes sunflower seed oil, grapeseed oil, and rice bran oil. Thanks to these ingredients, this massage oil is ideal for those looking for a rejuvenating and moisturizing effect for their skin. While this hemp oil can also be effective for pain relief, it is not the best CBD massage oil for that particular use case. That is due to the CBD milligram-count. Each 2-ounce bottle only comes with 50mg of full-spectrum CBD. While this allows for a cheaper all-around price (only $20.00), it is not as effective as other massage oils on this list. 2.) Sagely Naturals Rating 5/ 5 Extract Type: Broad-spectrum Total CBD Range: 100mg Potency Range: Depends on the amount used Price Range: $29.99 Value ($/mg): $0.29 per mg THC Content: 0.0% Lab Report: See Here Scent Variations: 1 Potency Variations: 1 Sagely Naturals Pros: Uses a nighttime formula that is ideal for users with sleeping difficulties Made in a GMP facility Sagely Naturals Cons: Currently, no customer reviews about this massage oil on Sagely Naturals’ website While Sagely Naturals don’t offer the highest concentration in their CBD massage oil, they do offer one of the most unique formulas we have come across. The Drift & Dream body oil is made using the following ingredients: Lavender Oil - A soothing scent known to promote peace of mind and clarity. Geranium Oil - Eases feelings of stress and calms the nerves. Clary Sage Oil - A herbal scent that facilitates relaxation. The combination of these ingredients makes Sagely Naturals’ body lotion perfect for late-night massages. While there are currently no reviews to confirm this, we are certain these natural ingredients will promote a night of better and more restful sleep. Each bottle comes packed with 100mg of broad-spectrum CBD. This type of extract allows you to receive all the benefits of hemp’s various cannabinoids except for THC. 3.) Lord Jones Rating 5/ 5 Extract Type: Broad-spectrum Total CBD Range: 100mg - 200mg Potency Range: 2mg per pump Price Range: $40.00 - $65.00 Value ($/mg): $0.30 - $0.65 per mg THC Content: 0.0% Lab Report: See Here Scent Variations: 3 Potency Variations: 1 Lord Jones Pros: Offers body lotion on-the-go sachets Body lotions can be purchased in three different scents Can be purchased in a standard pump lotion or a roll-on Lord Jones Cons: Most expensive massage oil on our list Lord Jones is well-known for its high-quality CBD products. And their CBD body lotion is no exception to this reputation. Each lotion is made using several skin-soothing ingredients and formulated with one of three different scents: Signature Fragrance Fragrance-Free Grapefruit Fragrance Each bottle of lotion can be purchased as a 50mL bottle containing 100mg of CBD or a 100mL bottle containing 200mg of CBD. Whichever size you choose to purchase, the potency of the cream itself remains the same. If you find that pump-equipped lotion bottles create too much of a mess, Lord Jones also offer this topical formula in a roll-on bottle (only in 100mg). The only downside we found to Lord Jones’ products is the pricing. Admittedly, Lord Jones are known for being an expensive CBD brand and this has much to do with the quality of their products. However, if you have the extra cash, we are certain you will not be disappointed by their CBD body lotion. 4.) Moon Mother Hemp Co. Rating 4/ 5 Extract Type: Full-spectrum Total CBD Range: 500mg - 1,000mg Potency Range: Depends on the amount used Price Range: $60.00 - $100.00 Value ($/mg): $0.10 - $0.12 per mg THC Content: <0.3% Lab Report: See Here Scent Variations: 1 Potency Variations: 1 Moon Mother Hemp Co. Pros: Available in a 2-ounce and a 4-ounce bottle size Leaping Bunny-certified and USDA-certified organic Incorporates jojoba oil and lavender essential oil Moon Mother Hemp Co. Cons: Website lacking sufficient information about their manufacturing process Moon Mother Hemp Co. are known for their variety of CBD topicals which includes products like balms, salves, and massage oils. All ingredients, including their full-spectrum hemp extracts, are certified organic and cruelty-free. Currently, Moon Mother Hemp Co. offer a CBD massage oil made with jojoba oil and lavender essential oils. These carriers work smoothly on the skin and assist in skin rejuvenation. Combined with 500mg of CBD, this CBD massage oil is certain to leave you feeling a sense of ease and comfort. If you find that this massage oil is right for you, you may choose to purchase the 4-ounce bottle which comes with 1,000mg of full-spectrum CBD. 5.) Lazarus Naturals Rating 4/ 5 Extract Type: Full-spectrum Total CBD Range: 200mg - 1,600mg Potency Range: Depends on the amount used Price Range: $12.00 - $70.00 Value ($/mg): $0.04 - $0.06 per mg THC Content: <0.3% Lab Report: On individual product pages Scent Variations: 1 Potency Variations: 1 Lazarus Naturals Pros: One of the most affordable options on our list Comes in three different CBD concentrations Lazarus Naturals Cons: Contains tree nuts (coconut) Lazarus Naturals are well-known for their versatile selection of products. With that, it comes as no surprise that they offer a high-quality CBD massage oil. Using organic jojoba oil, sweet almond oil, fractionated coconut oil, and full-spectrum hemp extract, this CBD topical is sure to help you relax and ease muscular pain. You have three different sizes to choose from, each with their own CBD concentration. These are as follows: 2 ounces - 200mg of CBD - $12.00 8 ounces - 800mg of CBD - $38.00 16 ounces - 1,600mg of CBD - $70.00 No matter which option you choose, you will be getting 100mg of CBD per ounce. Compared to other CBD massage oils on this list, this is a higher concentration and carries a stronger effect as a result. To go with their potent products, Lazarus Naturals also offer some of the cheapest CBD massage oils on a per milligram (mg) basis. 6.) Veritas Farms Rating 4/ 5 Extract Type: Full-spectrum Total CBD Range: 500mg Potency Range: Depends on the amount used Price Range: $54.99 Value ($/mg): $0.10 per mg THC Content: <0.3% Lab Report: See Here Scent Variations: 1 Potency Variations: 1 Veritas Farms Pros: Only uses 2 ingredients: jojoba oil and hemp extract High concentration of CBD - about 150mg per ounce Veritas Farms Cons: Currently, no reviews or user testimonials about this massage oil on Veritas Farms’ website If you’re looking for a massage oil that’s as natural as possible, look no further than Veritas Farms. Each bottle is made using only 2 ingredients: jojoba oil and full-spectrum hemp extract. This combination is ideal for those who are after the relaxing effect of these topicals. Veritas Farms make their massage oil with a high concentration of CBD - about 150mg per ounce. With such a high amount, it is almost guaranteed that each application will deeply relax your body. The only downside we find to this massage oil is that there are currently no customer reviews of the product. In the absence of these reviews, it is hard to tell how effective this topical really is. However, if Veritas Farms’ CBD massage oil is as effective as their other products, then we have no concerns around its quality and effectiveness. 7.) Papa & Barkley Rating 4/ 5 Extract Type: Full-spectrum Total CBD Range: 400mg Potency Range: Depends on the amount used Price Range: $39.99 Value ($/mg): $0.09 per mg THC Content: <0.3% Lab Report: See Here Scent Variations: 1 Potency Variations: 1 Papa & Barkley Pros: Uses a high concentration of CBD - 200mg per ounce Lotion also available in a THC formula 30-day money-back guarantee Papa & Barkley Cons: Cannot purchase THC massage oil online Papa & Barkley are a unique cannabis company as they offer both high-CBD and high-THC products. Their Releaf Body Oil is a great example of their high-quality products offered in the two distinct types. The first kind is the high-CBD concentration. Each 2-ounce bottle comes with 400mg of active phytocannabinoids which are great for fighting inflammation, pain, and other skin conditions. Notably, this product also has one of the highest concentrations of CBD on our list. However, if you are more interested in a THC massage oil, Papa & Barkley offers a very similar product with a 3:1 THC:CBD ratio. However, this oil only be purchased in select locations where recreational cannabis has been legalized. 8.) Susan's CBD Rating 3.5/ 5 Extract Type: Isolate Total CBD Range: 300mg - 3,200mg Potency Range: Depends on the amount used Price Range: $25.00 - $120.00 Value ($/mg): $0.03 - $0.08 per mg THC Content: 0.0% Lab Report: See Here or See Here Scent Variations: 1 Potency Variations: 1 Susan’s CBD Pros: Offers the highest total CBD content on our list Uses several high-quality ingredients, including jojoba seed oil and chamomile Can be purchased in two sizes (2 ounces or 16 ounces) Susan’s CBD Cons: High concentration of CBD might not be ideal for newcomers If you are in the market for a CBD massage oil with a high CBD concentration and that is sold at a reasonable price, Susan’s CBD has you covered. Their 2-ounce product comes with 150mg of CBD per ounce while their 16-ounce product is packed with 200mg of CBD per ounce of massage oil. This is great for both newcomers and long-time CBD users. If you are simply looking to try Susan CBD’s massage oil, you can opt for the 2-ounce size for only $25.00. However, if you know you love CBD massage oil and are looking for a higher CBD content, we would suggest you go with the 16-ounce product. For $120.00, you can get 3,200mg of CBD isolate - the cheapest price of CBD per milligram (mg) on our list! Either size you choose, you will find that both are developed and made using a variety of all-natural ingredients, including jojoba oil, chamomile, calendula, Vitamin E, and rosemary - just to name a few. 9.) Mana Artisan Botanics Rating 3.5/ 5 Extract Type: Full-spectrum Total CBD Range: 600mg Potency Range: Depends on the amount used Price Range: $110.00 Value ($/mg): $0.18 per mg THC Content: <0.3% Lab Report: See Here Scent Variations: 1 Potency Variations: 1 Mana Artisan Botanics Pros: Comes in a high concentration of CBD - about 150mg for every ounce Contains only three ingredients: hemp extract, organic MCT coconut oil, and Vitamin E oil Offers a subscription option to help you save on your purchases Mana Artisan Botanics Cons: Product is expensive compared to others on this list Mana Artisan Botanics have developed one of the simplest and best CBD massage oils currently on the market. Each 4-ounce bottle comes packed with 600mg of cannabinoids – providing a wide range of benefits. As a brand, Mana Artisan Botanics believe that hemp products are most effective when used to the full potential of the plant. As a result, you will not find them producing or selling any CBD isolate products. While pricier than other options, Mana Artisan Botanics’ massage oil is potent and very effective. Each ounce of oil contains 150mg of hemp extract and is formulated with organic MCT coconut oil and Vitamin E oil. This combination of ingredients brings about a smooth sensation upon application that is certain to help relieve pain and rejuvenate your skin. 10.) Blue Ridge Hemp Rating 3.5/ 5 Extract Type: Isolate Total CBD Range: 100mg Potency Range: Depends on the amount used Price Range: $40.00 Value ($/mg): $0.40 per mg THC Content: 0.0% Lab Report: None Scent Variations: 1 Potency Variations: 1 Blue Ridge Hemp Pros: Contains a wide variety of all-natural ingredients like sunflower oil, sesame seed oil, and jojoba seed oil Made using non-GMO hemp, all-vegan ingredients, and not tested on animals Blue Ridge Hemp Cons: No certificate of analysis available When it comes to high-quality CBD massage oils, Blue Ridge Hemp offer one of the best products on the market. Each 8-ounce bottle comes packed with 100mg of CBD isolate. This is pure CBD with no other cannabinoids, like THC, added . People choose to use Blue Ridge Hemp’s massage oil for different reasons. Most commonly, muscle and nerve pain or inflammation. According to reviews on their website, many users have found this oil to not only be effective, but that it also smells good. This product’s popularity might have to do with the fact that each bottle contains a mix of ingredients that make it perfect for topical application. According to their website, the key ingredients include: Sunflower Seed Oil - acts as an antioxidant in the body and neutralizes free radicals. Sesame Seed Oil - Rich in zinc which is known to promote skin elasticity and smoothness. Jojoba Seed Oil - Besides its anti-inflammatory properties, it is easily absorbed by the skin. The only downside we found to this product is its price. While $40.00 may not sound too expensive for a CBD topical, you’re only getting 100mg of CBD - making the price per CBD milligram higher than most other products on this list. What Are CBD Massage Oils? As with other massage oils, those infused with cannabidiol (CBD) are made with ingredients that reduce friction on the skin, moisturize it, and deliver a skin-rejuvenating effect. When CBD is added into the mix, it brings with it additional benefits such as pain relief and relaxation. A CBD massage oil is classified as a CBD topical which means you apply it to the skin. Topicals have garnered a lot of popularity as they allow you to target specific areas of pain – particularly useful for muscle and joint pain. Having said that, CBD massage oil can also be very helpful for those who struggle with various back pains. Before you purchase a CBD massage oil, it is helpful to understand the different extract types that it may come in: Full-Spectrum - Contains all the phytocannabinoids found in the hemp plant, including THC (however, under federal law, all CBD products must contain less than 0.3% THC). Broad-Spectrum - Contains all the phytocannabinoids found within the hemp plant except for THC. Isolate - Purely CBD and none of the other phytocannabinoids. To use a CBD massage oil, you simply apply the oil to the desired area and massage it for about 30 seconds. We suggest using a generous amount of oil as CBD and other cannabinoids can have trouble when being absorbed through the skin. While there is no conclusive research telling us exactly how long it takes to feel the effects of CBD once it enters the skin, users typically report feeling effects within a few minutes with those effects peaking at around 90 minutes from the time of application. Why Use CBD Oil in Massage? As we have mentioned, CBD massage oil is great for pain relief and is well-liked by those who struggle with back pain. By combining soothing hand pressure and hemp’s cannabinoids, you can expect to feel a great deal of alleviation. However, this is not the only reason to use CBD massage oils. Some people simply find a massage to be relaxing and like to leisurely get them when possible. Because CBD calms both the brain and body, these oils are perfect for those who are looking for a way to unwind after a long day or at the end of a busy week. Last but not least, some users have also reported using CBD massage oils and the relaxation they bring to create a fun, intimate atmosphere in the bedroom. How Much CBD Massage Oil Should You Use? It can be difficult to decide exactly how much of a CBD topical to use, and massage oils are no exception to that. CBD was also observed having a difficult time working its way through the skin. This has resulted in effects being lighter and potentially requiring more time to be felt when compared to other consumption methods. Therefore, we recommend using a generous amount of massage oil when applying it in order to feel the full effects. While there are no standard recommended doses, some brands mentioned on our list have suggested using upwards of one ounce per massage session as a general guideline. Once the CBD massage oil has been applied, it will likely be at least a few minutes before the effects start to kick in. You can expect to feel the peak of relief about 90 minutes after application. Our Criteria for CBD Massage Oil Currently, the CBD industry is unregulated, this means that there are a number of products on the market that are ineffective and, potentially, even unsafe. Therefore, it is important to use a defined set of criteria when evaluating and deciding on the best CBD massage oils. The following are some of the considerations that we looked at when deciding which products to include on our list: Certificate of Analysis - In order to ensure safety, reputable CBD companies will run their products through a third-party lab test. The reports this produces offer insight into several aspects of the CBD itself like its purity, cannabinoid count, and whether or not it contains contaminants, such as heavy metals or pesticides. Extract Type - As mentioned above, CBD comes in three different extract types. To create a well-rounded list, we made sure to include products from all three types. Hemp Source - Being as hemp will absorb what is in the soil around it, you’ll want to make sure all plants a company uses are grown organically following industry-standard methods. Ingredients - CBD massage oils tend to use a variety of ingredients. For this reason, you will want to make sure that the ingredients are safe for your body as well as, preferably, all-natural. Potency - You can find out the potency of CBD massage oils through the milligram (mg) count indicated on the product. The higher the number, the more potent a product is. Some companies will offer their massage oils in different potencies, while others will choose one standard potency, and offer it in multiple sizes instead. Potential Side Effects of CBD Massage Oil CBD massage oils are extremely safe to use. However, caution is recommended and there are a few things that users should keep in mind. To begin, you always want to apply CBD massage oils onto the skin only. These products are not intended to have direct access to the body (i.e. through oral consumption) and may present potential danger if taken orally. Additionally, if you struggle with sensitive skin, it is in your best interest to look at the list of ingredients that your chosen CBD massage oils use. While ingredients are generally consistent across products, each CBD brand develops its concoction in order to stand out among the competition. Therefore, you will want to make sure you have no allergies towards the ingredients specific to your chosen product. As for the CBD itself, people rarely ever experience side effects which is one of the reasons it has garnered so much attention. Nonetheless, some people have reported feeling mild bouts of: Appetite changes Diarrhea Dry mouth (usually, only from orally consumed products) Fatigue Weight changes If you are currently taking any prescription medication, we strongly advise you to consult your doctor before taking CBD. While rare, some drugs have been found to negatively interact with cannabidiol. Finally, if you are currently pregnant or lactating, we strongly suggest that you do not take CBD. While there are no conclusive studies that indicate whether CBD is safe or unsafe for women in this category, it is safer to avoid it altogether. Frequently Asked Questions Where to buy CBD hemp massage oil? CBD massage oils can be purchased both online and in certain stores. We suggest you consider a product from our list of best CBD massage oils as we believe they represent some of the safest and most effective products currently on the market. How to use CBD oil in massage? To use a CBD massage oil, simply apply it to the desired area and gently massage it for at least 30 seconds, allowing the CBD to be absorbed into the skin. Effects are typically felt within minutes of the application. You can also ask your massage therapist to use CBD massage oil as one of their supplies. How much CBD oil should I use for massage? Since CBD has a tough time penetrating through the skin, we suggest using a generous dosage of massage oil during application. Some companies mentioned on our best CBD massage oil list suggest using upwards of one ounce as a general guideline.